Classroom assessment takes on many varied forms, from simple interactions between the teacher and students during instruction to homework, projects, classroom presentations, and more formal quizzes and tests. Regardless of their structure, classroom assessments are usually teacher-developed. While classroom tests and quizzes do not meet the rigorous validity and reliability criteria of external or benchmark assessments, they are most frequently used to provide feedback to teachers, parents, and students and are the basis of report card grades.
Classroom assessments are integral to determining the extent of learning occurring in classrooms on a regular basis. The results of classroom assessments may be evaluated (as with oral questioning and interactions) or scored (as with projects, quizzes, and tests) and reported quickly, making data available for real-time use, including immediate review and re-teaching.
Classroom assessments are the most flexible type of assessments and are most appropriately used for:
Classroom assessment data have the following potential limitations: