State Standards - Science

Grade 6
Standard 3.0 Geography: Students will use geographic concepts and processes to examine the role of culture, technology, and the environment in the location and distribution of human activities and spatial connections throughout time.
A. Using Geographic Tools
1. Use geographic tools to locate places and describe the human and physical characteristics in early world history
a. Use maps to compare geographic locations of civilizations from world history to:
  • Mesopotamia
  • Africa including Egypt
  • Nubia/Kush and Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Indus River Valley
  • Northern China
  • Greeks and Romans
  • Mesoamerican, such as the Incas, Mayans and Aztecs
b. Use photographs and thematic maps, to identify and describe physical and human characteristics of early civilizations
B. Geographic Characteristics of Places and Regions
1. Examine how physical and human characteristics shape the identity of places and regions and influence the development of civilizations in world history
a. Identify and describe physical characteristics that influenced human settlement
b. Explain how physical characteristics of a place influenced human activities, such as agriculture, transportation, art and architecture and economic activity in the ancient world
c. Explain how human perceptions of and interactions with the environment changed over time in due to technologies, such as road building, dam construction, and agricultural improvements
C. Movement of People, Goods and Ideas
1. Describe and analyze population growth, migration and settlement patterns in early world history
a. Identify reasons why people migrate, such as economic opportunity, climate, and political reasons
b. Explain how the development of transportation and communication networks influenced the movement of people, goods and ideas from place to place, such as trade routes in Africa, Asia and Europe, and the spread of Islam
c. Describe how economic systems and cultural diffusion help to shape patterns of human settlement and interaction
D. Modifying and Adapting to the Environment
1. Analyze why and how people modify their natural environment and the impact of those modifications
a. Describe ways people modified their environment to meet their needs, such as cultivating lands, building roads, dams, and aqueducts
b. Analyze how people in early world history perceived and reacted to environmental concerns, such as flooding, drought, and depletion of natural resources and evaluate the consequences of those actions

Note: Highlighting identifies assessment limits. All highlighted Indicators will be tested on the Grades 5 and 8 MSA. The highlighted Objectives under each highlighted Indicator identify the limit to which MSA items can be written. Although all content standards are tested on MSA, not all Indicators and Objectives are tested. Objectives that are not highlighted will not be tested on MSA, however are an integral part of Instruction.

MSDE has developed a toolkit for these standards which can be found online at:

January 2008