State Standards - Science

Grade 6
Standard 1.0 Political Science: Students will understand the historical development and current status of the fundamental concepts and processes of authority, power, and influence, with particular emphasis on democratic skills and attitudes necessary to become responsible citizens.
A. The Foundations and Function of Government
1. Examine the necessity and purpose of government in early world history
a. Identify and compare forms of government and various distributions of power, such as those found in ancient civilizations, dynastic China, absolute and constitutional monarchies
b. Summarize the positions taken on government by political philosophers from early civilizations through the Middle Ages
2. Analyze the historic events, documents, and practices in early world history that are the foundations of political systems
a. Examine and report on the roots of democratic principles in World History, such as Sumerian written law, Hammurabi's Code, Greek city-states, Roman Republicanism, and the British Constitution (Magna Carta, English Bill of Rights)
b. Examine the decline of feudalism and the emergence of monarchies
3. Analyze the roles of institutions and governments in early world history regarding public policy and issues
a. Describe the conflict between the church and the state in the formation and implementation of policy
b. Analyze perspectives regarding issues in a feudal society, such as the church leaders v. lords of the manor, joining the Crusades, the growth of trade
B. Individual and Group Participation in the Political System
1. Analyze the methods used by individuals and groups to shape governmental policy and actions in early world history
a. Compare methods used in early world history to change governments, such as coups, elections and revolts
b. Examine the role of citizens in Greek city-states and the Roman Republic/Empire
c. Examine how religion shaped and influenced government policy
2. Analyze the importance of civic participation as a citizen of early world history
a. Analyze the usefulness of various sources of information used to make political decisions
b. Explain why common people did not have a voice in ancient civilizations
C. Protecting Rights and Maintaining Order
1. Analyze the individual rights and responsibilities in an ancient world civilization
a. Describe the importance of citizenship in ancient Rome and Greece
b. Describe the significance of Hammurabi's Code and how it defined rights of citizens
2. Evaluate how ancient governments around the world protected or failed to protect the rights of individuals and groups
a. Explain how the Roman Republic and the rule of the Senate affected individuals and groups
b. Compare power and authority of rulers in Ancient Egypt, India, Persia and China v. the protection of citizens in Greek city-states
c. Examine the balance between providing for the common good of the manor v. the rights of the individual serfs

Note: Highlighting identifies assessment limits. All highlighted Indicators will be tested on the Grades 5 and 8 MSA. The highlighted Objectives under each highlighted Indicator identify the limit to which MSA items can be written. Although all content standards are tested on MSA, not all Indicators and Objectives are tested. Objectives that are not highlighted will not be tested on MSA, however are an integral part of Instruction.

MSDE has developed a toolkit for these standards which can be found online at:

January 2008