School Improvement in Maryland
Sample Item Scoring Information Return

Standard 1.0 Political Science

Topic C. Protecting Rights and Maintaining Order

Indicator 1. Examine the impact of governmental decisions on individual rights and responsibilities in the United States

Objective b. Explain how rules and laws protect individual rights and protect the common good

Brief Constructed Response (BCR) Item

In his Second Treatise of Government, John Locke declares that “the end [purpose] of law is not to restrain or punish, but to preserve or enlarge freedom.”

Have the students select a school or community rule that impacts them on a daily basis, or a rule or law from early U.S. history, and then write a blog post, journal entry, or brief essay arguing that the rule or law they have chosen either illustrates or contradicts Locke’s words.