School Improvement in Maryland
Sample Item Scoring Information Return

Standard 1.0 Political Science

Topic B. Individual and Group Participation in the Political System

Indicator 2. Defend the importance of civic participation as a citizen of the United States

Objective a. Evaluate ways people can participate in the political process including voting, analyzing the media, petitioning elected officials, and volunteering

Brief Constructed Response (BCR) Item

1998 NAEP Civics Item:

This question refers to the charts below, which give examples of areas where people volunteer and reasons why they volunteer.

Chart I: In what areas do people volunteer? Education: 44%; Youth organizations: 41%; Health care:34%; Poverty and hunger: 23%; Arts and culture: 16%; Politics: 16%; The environment: 13%. Chart II: Why do People Volunteer? I want to help others: 97%; I enjoy the work: 93%; The specific work or cause interests me: 76%; Tomake new friends: 40%; To get job experience: 15%; My employer encourages volunteering: 10%.

Choose three areas of volunteer activity listed in Chart I. For each one, identify a specific action individuals can take outside their homes, and explain how it will make a difference in their own community.