School Improvement in Maryland
Sample Item Scoring Information Return

Standard 1.0 Political Science

Topic A. The Foundations and Function of Government

Indicator 2. Analyze the impact of historic documents and practices that became the foundations of the American political system during the early national period

Objective g. Evaluate the significance of the Civil War Amendments (13th, 14th and 15th) and how they protected individual rights

Brief Constructed Response (BCR) Item

1994 NAEP U.S. History Item:

To answer this question, refer to the text of the 15th Amendment below.

Section 1.
The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
Section 2.
The Congress shall have the power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

Which group was this amendment designed to help?
Why was it proposed at this particular time in United States history?