School Improvement in Maryland
Sample Item Scoring Information Return

Standard 5.0 History

Topic C. Conflict between Ideas and Institutions

Indicator 3. Analyze the influence of industrialization and technological developments on society in the United States before 1877

Objective b. Explain how the cotton gin and the opening of new lands in the South and West impacted the institution of slavery

Brief Constructed Response (BCR) Item

Have the students assume the role of one of the following 19th century perspectives: (1) cotton planter, (2) plantation slave, or (3) European merchant, and then write a journal entry explaining how the invention of the cotton gin has changed their lives.