School Improvement in Maryland

Standard 1.0 Political Science

Topic C. Protecting Rights and Maintaining Order

Indicator 2. Explain how the United States government protected or failed to protect the rights of individuals and groups

Objective b. Describe methods that were used to deny civil rights to women, African Americans and Native Americans

Selected Response Item

1998 NAEP Civics Item:

The following question is based on the article below about those who fought to help women gain the right to vote. Women got that right in 1920.

On November 1, 1872, Susan B. Anthony and her sisters . . . calmly walked into . . . the polling place in their election district. . . . "We are here to register for the vote," said Miss Anthony to the [surprised] election inspector.

"Impossible!" he said. "It is not legal for women to vote. We cannot accept your registration."

From her handbag, Miss Anthony whipped out a copy of the Constitution of the United States. All three election inspectors gathered around as she slowly read aloud the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments. Then she challenged the inspectors to show her where it said women were specifically left out. The men sputtered and argued in vain. At last they reluctantly registered the four women.

Why did Susan B. Anthony think a copy of the Constitution would help her?

  1. She knew the Constitution did not say that it was illegal for women to vote.
  2. She knew the election inspectors would see that the Constitution was wrong.
  3. She thought the election inspectors would like the words in the Constitution.
  4. She thought the election inspectors would agree that the Constitution needed to be changed.
/toolkit/vsc/assessment_items/msa_social_studies_8_100.xml

Correct Answer:
A

Selected Response Item

2006 NAEP U.S. History Item:

Which group of Americans followed what has become known as the "Trail of Tears" when they were forced to leave their homes?

  1. Japanese Americans
  2. Irish Americans
  3. Cherokee Indians
  4. Mormons
/toolkit/vsc/assessment_items/msa_social_studies_8_101.xml

Correct Answer:
C

Selected Response Item

2006 NAEP U.S. History Item:

Which statement best describes the treatment of American Indians living east of the Mississippi River between 1800 and 1850?

  1. Most were forced to move west of the Mississippi River.
  2. Most were forced to work as slaves on plantations.
  3. They were encouraged to become American citizens.
  4. They were forced onto reservations in the eastern half of the country.
/toolkit/vsc/assessment_items/msa_social_studies_8_102.xml

Correct Answer:
A

Brief Constructed Response (BCR) Item

Have each student select one example of discrimination they learned about in this lesson. Then, have the students write persuasive arguments, perhaps modeled after Martin Luther King, Jr.’s “Letter from a Birmingham Jail,” or the Seneca Falls Conference’s “Declaration of Sentiments,” explaining how the discrimination they identified fails to live up to American ideals.

/toolkit/vsc/assessment_items/msa_social_studies_8_099.xml

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Brief Constructed Response (BCR) Item

1994 NAEP U.S. History Item:

Magazine cover from 1876 showing American Indians

Look at the magazine cover. What historical events would have led this question and picture to appear on the cover of a popular magazine in 1876?

What attitudes displayed toward American Indians by other Americans are suggested by this magazine cover?

/toolkit/vsc/assessment_items/msa_social_studies_8_103.xml

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Resources for Objective 1.C.2.b:
Clarifications | Lesson Seeds | SAMPLE ASSESSMENTS | Resource Links