School Improvement in Maryland

Standard 1.0 Political Science

Topic A. The Foundations and Function of Government

Indicator 2. Analyze the impact of historic documents and practices that became the foundations of the American political system during the early national period

Objective c. Explain how the philosophies of Hobbes, Locke and Montesquieu influenced the principles that shaped United States government

Brief Constructed Response (BCR) Item

Have each student select a prominent Founder, such as Jefferson or Madison, to write a eulogy or an appreciation of one of the philosophers from this objective. Be sure the students can explain how the selected philosopher influenced the ideas of the Founder who has been chosen to “deliver” the appreciation.


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Brief Constructed Response (BCR) Item

2010 NAEP Civics Item:

Think of a rule in your school that is important for helping or protecting people. Write it down on the line below.

Now explain how the rule you identified helps or protects people.


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Resources for Objective 1.A.2.c:
Clarifications | Lesson Seeds | SAMPLE ASSESSMENTS | Resource Links