School Improvement in Maryland

Standard 1.0 Political Science

Topic A. The Foundations and Function of Government

Indicator 2. Analyze the impact of historic documents and practices that became the foundations of the American political system during the early national period

Objective a. Evaluate the power and authority of the government on individuals

Selected Response Item

2006 NAEP Civics Item:

Which of the following is an example of people using power without having the right to do so?

  1. The owner of a newspaper prints her own opinions in the newspaper.
  2. A governor vetoes a bill passed by the state legislature.
  3. A group of people against nuclear power march outside a nuclear power plant.
  4. A police officer arrests someone because the person looks suspicious.
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Correct Answer:
D

Brief Constructed Response (BCR) Item

Have the students write a letter to a proponent of one perspective on the slavery issue (or any issue in U.S. history) criticizing that person’s beliefs regarding power and authority. Letters may begin with the sentence, “Dear Sir, I’m writing to respectfully disagree with your ideas about power and authority as they relate to the issue of slavery (or some other issue).”

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View Scoring Information

Resources for Objective 1.A.2.a:
Clarifications | Lesson Seeds | SAMPLE ASSESSMENTS | Resource Links