School Improvement in Maryland

Using the State Curriculum: Social Studies, Grade 8

Political Science | Peoples of the Nation and World | Geography | Economics | History | Social Studies Skills and Processes

Resource Links:

Standard 1.0 Political Science

Topic C. Protecting Rights and Maintaining Order

Indicator 2. Explain how the United States government protected or failed to protect the rights of individuals and groups

Objective b. Describe methods that were used to deny civil rights to women, African Americans and Native Americans

Resource Links
The “discrimination axis” presented on this site might serve as a focal point for student analysis of discrimination methods from early U.S. history.

Web page on legal standing of women in early U.S. History, from Harvard Business School’s “Women, Enterprise, and Society” site. Follow various sub-links to access a variety of legal papers and primary source documents from early American history
Thorough summary of Minor v. Happersett Supreme Court case, from the National Park Service. 1875 decision ruled that states could continue to deny voting rights to women.
Article discussing the legal status of women in early U.S. history, from the Gilder Lehrman Institute
Home page of the Women’s Rights National Historic Park in Seneca Falls, NY
Home page of the Maryland Women’s Heritage Center

African Americans:
A brief discussion of Black Codes, from George Washington University. Site contains interactive map in which users can click on states and view actual Black Codes
Overview of Black Codes, from the Texas State Historical Association
Discussion of the Compromise of 1850’s Fugitive Slave Act, from historian Eric Foner.
Summary of Fugitive Slave Act of 1850, from the Massachusetts Historical Society. Site contains discussion of how Massachusetts-based abolitionists resisted this law.
Text of the Fugitive Slave Law of 1793, on the Web page of the University of Oklahoma School of Law
Text of the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850, from Yale University’s Avalon Project
Thorough lecture on Fugitive Slave Law of 1850, from University of Virginia professor Elizabeth Varon. Contains excellent discussion of provisions of these laws, including how they were designed to deny blacks of civil rights

Native Americans:
Home page of the National Museum of the American Indian
“Indian Redress: How the West was Stolen” Web page from the University of Dayton School of Law. Site discusses how Native Americans gradually lost legal sovereignty over tribal lands
Text of the Indian Removal Act of 1830
This overview of a book written by Lewis and Clark Law School Law Professor Robert Miller discusses the Discovery Doctrine’s role in suppressing Native American rights, particularly after the Louisiana Purchase
The Doctrine of Discovery, Manifest Destiny, and Oregon
Detailed scholarly discussion of the Discovery Doctrine, from Law Professor Robert Miller
Discussion of the “Marshall Trilogy” of Supreme Court decisions that established the legal relationship between Native Americans and the federal government, from Arizona State University
Detailed discussion of Indian Removal, from PBS’s “Judgment Day” series
Indian removal lesson plan, from the Abraham Lincoln Library at Northern Illinois University. Contains primary documents from Congress’s debate on the Indian Removal Act
Resources for Objective 1.C.2.b:
Clarifications | Lesson Seeds | Sample Assessments | RESOURCE LINKS