School Improvement in Maryland

Using the State Curriculum: Social Studies, Grade 8

Political Science | Peoples of the Nation and World | Geography | Economics | History | Social Studies Skills and Processes

Resource Links:

Standard 1.0 Political Science

Topic B. Individual and Group Participation in the Political System

Indicator 2. Defend the importance of civic participation as a citizen of the United States

Objective b. Analyze the concept of citizenship and explain how the concept has changed from colonial times through Reconstruction

Resource Links
Interactive timeline of U.S. citizenship, from the National Constitution Center
A brief timeline of U.S. citizenship, from the Los Angeles Times
Scholarly discussion of the meaning of citizenship, from Stanford University’s online Encyclopedia of Philosophy
A brief and student-friendly discussion of the meaning of citizenship, from “Ben’s Guide to U.S. Government,” run by the U.S. Government Printing Office. Site also links to other concepts and materials for other grade levels
Scholarly essay entitled “The Meaning of American Citizenship,” by Professor Rogers M. Smith of Yale University. Essay describes and traces the emergence of different conceptions of American citizenship, including liberal, republican, and nativist.
Online Citizenship and Participation unit, from
Resources for Objective 1.B.2.b:
Clarifications | Lesson Seeds | Sample Assessments | RESOURCE LINKS