School Improvement in Maryland

Using the State Curriculum: Social Studies, Grade 8

Political Science | Peoples of the Nation and World | Geography | Economics | History | Social Studies Skills and Processes

Resource Links:

Standard 1.0 Political Science

Topic A. The Foundations and Function of Government

Indicator 2. Analyze the impact of historic documents and practices that became the foundations of the American political system during the early national period

Objective c. Explain how the philosophies of Hobbes, Locke and Montesquieu influenced the principles that shaped United States government

Resource Links

http://www.iep.utm.edu/soc-cont/
Scholarly discussion of Social Contract Theory, from the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Contrasts philosophies of Hobbes and Locke.
http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/hobbes-moral/
Profile of Thomas Hobbes, from Stanford University’s online Encyclopedia of Philosophy
http://oregonstate.edu/instruct/phl302/texts/hobbes/leviathan-contents.html
Full text of Hobbes’s Leviathan
http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/locke-political/
Description of John Locke’s political philosophy, from Stanford University’s online Encyclopedia of Philosophy
http://www.efm.bris.ac.uk/het/locke/government.pdf
Full text of Locke’s Two Treatises of Government
http://www.civiced.org/index.php?page=MS_Student_Book
Lesson plan on Locke, from the Center for Civic Education
http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/montesquieu/#4.1
Profile of Montesquieu from Stanford University’s online Encyclopedia of Philosophy
http://www.constitution.org/cm/sol.htm
Full text of Montesquieu’s The Spirit of the Laws
http://www.icivics.org/curriculum/foundations-government
Online curriculum unit on Foundations of Government, from iCivics.org
/toolkit/vsc/resource_links/social_studies/grade8/1A2c.xml
Resources for Objective 1.A.2.c:
Clarifications | Lesson Seeds | Sample Assessments | RESOURCE LINKS