School Improvement in Maryland

Lesson Seeds: The lesson seeds are ideas for the indicator/objective that can be used to build a lesson. Lesson seeds are not meant to be all-inclusive, nor are they substitutes for instruction.

Standard 5.0 History

Topic B. Emergence, Expansion and Changes in Nations and Empires

Indicator 5. Analyze the political, economic, and social goals of Reconstruction

Objective a. Explain the goals and policies of the various Reconstruction plans

To help students compare and contrast the various Reconstruction plans, first have them create a table that lists the elements of each plan. The table should have 3 columns labeled “Lincoln’s 10% Plan,” “Johnson’s Plan,” and “Congress’ Plan,” and rows labeled “which white men can vote?,” “What civil rights are provided for African Americans?,” “How can states to rejoin the Union?,” and “Can ex-Confederate leaders hold office?” Have students work in pairs to complete the table. Next, ask students to write a legislator to the Reconstruction-era public official of their choice advocating for the Reconstruction Plan they think contained the best policies for rebuilding Southern states and restoring them to the Union. Be sure in their letters that the students consider the appropriateness and necessity of punishing the South, the need to protect the rights of African Americans, and the best way to reestablish national unity.” After completing the essays, conduct a class debate and then take a poll to see which Reconstruction Plan received the most support among students.

Resources for Objective 5.B.5.a:
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