School Improvement in Maryland

Lesson Seeds: The lesson seeds are ideas for the indicator/objective that can be used to build a lesson. Lesson seeds are not meant to be all-inclusive, nor are they substitutes for instruction.

Standard 5.0 History

Topic B. Emergence, Expansion and Changes in Nations and Empires

Indicator 3. Evaluate westward movement in the United States before 1877

Objective c. Analyze the impact of westward movement on relations with Native Americans, such as treaty relations, land acquisition and the policy of Indian Removal

In his First Inaugural Address on March 4, 1829, Andrew Jackson said, “It will be my sincere and constant desire to observe toward the Indian tribes within our limits a just and liberal policy, and to give that humane and considerate attention to their rights and their wants which is consistent with the habits of our Government and the feelings of our people.” Ask students to read this paragraph (full text of the speech can be found at Then, have students conduct research on the history of several Indian nations to assess the United States’ treatment of them. Native American groups should include the Cherokee, Seminole, Creek, Choctaw, and Chickasaw. You may also choose to have students investigate relations with Native American nations that took place primarily in the mid-1800s and continued beyond 1877, including the Sioux, Cheyenne, and Nez Perce, and those that occurred prior to the Indian Removal Act, including the Shawnee. Following their research, have students assume the identity of a member of the Indian nation they researched, and write a response from the Native American perspective to Jackson’s statement.

Resources for Objective 5.B.3.c:
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