School Improvement in Maryland

Lesson Seeds: The lesson seeds are ideas for the indicator/objective that can be used to build a lesson. Lesson seeds are not meant to be all-inclusive, nor are they substitutes for instruction.

Standard 1.0 Political Science

Topic B. Individual and Group Participation in the Political System

Indicator 2. Defend the importance of civic participation as a citizen of the United States

Objective c. Evaluate how various groups provide opportunities for individuals to participate in the political process

Teachers can examine with their students how political parties and interest groups influenced the political process in early U.S. history by completing activities for objectives 1.B.1.c and 1.B.1.d, respectively.

Once students have completed these activities, and can define and explain the difference between parties and interest groups, provide them with a list of outcomes ordinary citizens might seek to obtain in the political process (for example, ensuring the defeat/re-election of the incumbent President, increasing funding for a school-based program or activity, conducting a candidates forum or debate, or implementing building restrictions near a state park). Then, have pairs of students determine which of the two types of groups would be best for ensuring this outcome, and address these questions: What strategies with the group employ to ensure this is done? What role might individual citizens play in this process, within the selected group?

Resources for Objective 1.B.2.c:
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