School Improvement in Maryland

Social Studies Grade PK State Curriculum

Date: 6/20/2006
PK All Content Areas with WSS Alignment (Acrobat 335k)  
PK Fall Exemplars (Acrobat 341k)  
PK Spring Exemplars (Acrobat 331k)  
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The Pencil icon represents key indicators of the MMSR Prekindergarten Assessment.

Standard 1.0 Political Science

Students will understand the historical development and current status of the democratic principles and the development of skills and attitudes necessary to become responsible citizens.
For more Prekindergarten assessment information view the Fall Exemplars and Spring Exemplars .

Topic

A. The Foundations and Function of Government

Indicator

  • 1. Identify the importance of rules
  • AssessedWSS V C1 Demonstrates awareness of rules.

Objectives

  1. Recognize why people have rules at home and at school
  2. Generate and follow classroom rules, such as taking turns, walking inside, and forming a line that promote order and safety in the classroom

Indicator

  • 2. Identify symbols and practices associated with the United States of America

Objectives

  1. Recognize symbols, such as the American flag
  2. Recognize that the Pledge of Allegiance is a practice that happens in school

Topic

B. Individual and Group Participation in the Political System

Indicator

  • 1. Recognize people important to the American political system

Objective

  1. Respond to informational text read aloud to develop an awareness of the contributions made by certain individuals that are remembered during the observance of national holidays and celebrations

Topic

C. Protecting Rights and Maintaining Order

Indicator

  • 1. Identify the roles, rights, and responsibilities of being a member of the family and school
  • WSS V B1 Begins to understand family needs, roles, and relationships.
  • WSS V C2 Shows awareness of what it means to be a leader.
  • AssessedWSS V B2 Describes some people's jobs and what is required to perform them.

Objectives

  1. Identify roles of family members
  2. Identify the roles of members of the school, such as principal, teacher, and nurse
  3. Identify and discuss rights, responsibilities and choices in the classroom and family


Standard 2.0 Peoples of the Nation and World

Students will understand how people in Maryland, the United States and around the world are alike and different.
For more Prekindergarten assessment information view the Fall Exemplars and Spring Exemplars .

Topic

A. Elements of Culture

Indicator

  • 1. Identify themselves as individuals and members of families that have the same human needs as others
  • AssessedWSS V A1 Identifies similarities and differences in personal and family characteristics.

Objectives

  1. Identify the members of their families and the ways that they meet their human needs for food, clothing, shelter, and other commonalties, such as recreation, stories, and music
  2. Use personal experiences, stories, and electronic media to demonstrate understanding that all people need food, clothing, and shelter

Topic

C. Conflict and Compromise

Indicator

  • 1. Identify how groups of people interact
  • AssessedWSS V C1 Demonstrates awareness of rules.

Objective

  1. Identify and demonstrate appropriate social skills, such as listening to others, settling disagreements, and taking turns that help people live, work and play together at home and in school


Standard 3.0 Geography

Students will use geographic concepts and processes to understand location and its relationship to human activities.
For more Prekindergarten assessment information view the Fall Exemplars and Spring Exemplars .

Topic

A. Using Geographic Tools

Indicator

  • 1. Recognize that a globe and maps are used to help people locate places
  • WSS V D1 Describe the location of things in the environment.

Objectives

  1. Recognize that maps are models of places
  2. Recognize that a globe is a model of Earth
  3. Make maps by drawing, building with blocks, and playing with clay, puzzles, pictures, and photographs

Topic

B. Geographic Characteristics of Places and Regions

Indicator

  • WSS V D2 Shows awareness of the environment.

Objectives

  1. Discuss that places have natural/physical features such as mountains, rivers, and hills
  2. Discuss that places have human-made features, such as streets, buildings, and parks

Topic

C. Movement of People, Goods and Ideas

Indicator

  • 1. Identify the role of transportation in the community

Objectives

  1. Recognize transportation as a means of traveling from place to place
  2. Identify ways in which people travel to various places in the community, such as bus, car, and bicycle

Topic

D. Modifying and Adapting to the Environment

Indicator

  • 1. Describe how people adapt to their immediate environment
  • WSS V D2 Shows awareness of the environment.

Objective

  1. Identify ways people adapt to the environment, such as wearing clothing that is appropriate to the weather


Standard 4.0 Economics

Students will identify the economic principles and processes that are helpful to producers and consumers when making good decisions.
For more Prekindergarten assessment information view the Fall Exemplars and Spring Exemplars .

Topic

A. Scarcity and Economic Decision-making

Indicator

  • 1. Recognize that people have to make choices because of unlimited economic wants

Objectives

  1. Identify that goods are things that people make or grow
  2. Demonstrate the ability to make a choice

Indicator

  • 2. Identify that materials/resources are used to make products
  • AssessedWSS V B2 Describes some people's jobs and what is required to perform them.

Objectives

  1. Recognize that workers do jobs in the home and school
  2. Participate in steps that are followed in making a product, such as a drawing, a block building, and a card for a friend or relative

Indicator

  • 3. Explain how technology affects the way people live, work, and play
  • AssessedWSS V B3 Begins to be aware of technology and how it affects life.

Objective

  1. Begin to be aware of technology and how it affects daily life, such as different ways to fasten shoes and different appliances to cook food

Topic

B. Economic Systems and the Role of Government in the Economy

Indicator

  • 1. Identify types of local markets

Objective

  1. Identify markets as places where buyers and sellers meet

Indicator

  • 3. Identify how goods are acquired

Objectives

  1. Identify that coins and bills are money
  2. Identify that money is used to buy goods


Standard 5.0 History

Students will use historical thinking skills to understand how individuals and events have changed society over time.
For more Prekindergarten assessment information view the Fall Exemplars and Spring Exemplars .

Topic

A. Change Over Time

Indicator

  • 1. Distinguish among past, present, and future time

Objective

  1. Describe the events of the day (things that have happened in the immediate past, in the present and might happen in the future) using terms, such as morning/afternoon, night/day


Standard 6.0 Social Studies Skills and Processes

Students shall use reading, writing, and thinking processes and skills to gain knowledge and understanding of political, historical, and current events using chronological and spatial thinking, economic reasoning, and historical interpretation, by framing and evaluating questions from primary and secondary sources.
For more Prekindergarten assessment information view the Fall Exemplars and Spring Exemplars .

Topic

A. Learn to Read and Construct Meaning about Social Studies

Indicator

  • 1. Develop and apply social studies vocabulary through exposure to a variety of text and portions of text

Objectives

  1. Acquire new vocabulary through listening to and reading a variety of grade-appropriate print and non-print sources
  2. Discuss words and word meanings as they are encountered in texts, instruction, and conversation
  3. Make connections to prior knowledge and new vocabulary by listening, reading, and responding to a variety of texts

Indicator

  • 2. Use strategies to prepare for reading (before reading)

Objectives

  1. Make and explain the connections made using prior knowledge and experiences with the text
  2. Make predictions or ask questions about the text by examining the title, cover, illustrations/photographs/text, and familiar author or topic
  3. Set a purpose for reading the text

Indicator

  • 3. Use strategies to monitor understanding and derive meaning from text and portions of text (during reading)

Objectives

  1. Recall and discuss what they understand
  2. Identify and question what did not make sense
  3. Reread difficult parts slowly and carefully and use own words to restate difficult parts
  4. Read on, revisit, and restate the difficult parts in your own words
  5. Make, confirm, or adjust predictions
  6. Ask and answer questions about the text
  7. Periodically summarize while reading
  8. Visualize what was read
  9. Look back through the text to search for connection to the topic, characters, events, and actions in text
  10. Explain personal connections to the topics, events, characters, and actions in texts

Indicator

  • 4. Use strategies to demonstrate understanding of the text (after reading)

Objectives

  1. Review/restate and explain what the text is mainly about
  2. Identify and explain what is directly stated in the text (details, literal meaning)
  3. Identify and explain what is not stated in the text (implied or inferential meaning)
  4. Summarize the text orally
  5. Confirm, refute, or make predictions to form new ideas
  6. Connect the text to prior knowledge or personal experience
  7. Engage in conversation to understand what has been read
  8. Retell explicit and implicit main ideas of texts
  9. Answer questions (what if, why, and how) in writing

Topic

B. Learn to Write and Communicate Social Studies Understandings

Indicator

  • 1. Compose oral, written, and visual presentations that express personal ideas, inform, and persuade

Objectives

  1. Write to express social studies ideas using a variety of forms, such as journals, narratives, letters, and reports
  2. Contribute to a shared writing experience about a social studies topic
  3. Write a variety of responses to text, such as response logs, journals, and constructed responses

Indicator

  • 2. Locate, retrieve, and use information from various sources to accomplish a purpose

Objectives

  1. Identify and use sources of information on a topic
  2. Use note taking and organizational strategies to record and organize information

Topic

C. Ask Social Studies Questions

Indicator

  • 1. Identify a topic that requires further study

Objectives

  1. Identify prior knowledge about the topic
  2. Pose questions about the topic

Indicator

  • 2. Identify a situation or problem that requires study

Objectives

  1. Define the problem/situation
  2. Identify prior knowledge about the problem/situation
  3. Pose/Ask questions about the problem/situation

Topic

D. Acquire Social Studies Information

Indicator

  • 1. Identify primary and secondary sources of information that relate to the topic/situation/problem being studied

Objectives

  1. Gather and read appropriate print sources, such as journals, textbooks, timelines, and trade books
  2. Read and obtain information from texts representing diversity in content and culture
  3. Locate and gather data and information from appropriate non-print sources, such as music, maps, graphs, photographs, and illustrations

Indicator

  • 2. Engage in field work that relates to the topic/ situation/ problem being studied

Objectives

  1. Gather data
  2. Make and record observations
  3. Conduct surveys

Topic

E. Organize Social Studies Information

Indicator

  • 1. Organize information from non-print sources

Objectives

  1. Distinguish factual from fictional information
  2. Find relationships between gathered information
  3. Display information on various types of graphic organizers and charts

Indicator

  • 2. Organize information from print sources

Objectives

  1. Distinguish factual from fictional information
  2. Find relationships between gathered information
  3. Display information on various types of graphic organizers, maps, and charts

Topic

F. Analyze Social Studies Information

Indicator

  • 1. Interpret information from secondary sources including pictures, graphics, maps, atlases, and timelines

Objectives

  1. Compare information from a variety of sources
  2. Compare information to prior knowledge
  3. Recognize relationships in and among ideas or events, such as cause and effect, sequential order, main idea, and details

Topic

G. Answer Social Studies Questions

Indicator

  • 1. Describe how the community has changed over time and how people have contributed to its change, drawing from maps, photographs, newspapers, and other sources

Objectives

  1. Present social studies information in a variety ways, such as plays, skits, posters, songs, poems, murals, and oral presentations
  2. Plan and engage in school and community events, such as a mock election, playground clean-up, writing letters to community officials, and fund-raising for a cause


Date: 6/20/2006