 # Mathematics Grade PK State Curriculum Document Date: June 2004 PK All Content Areas with WSS Alignment (Acrobat 335k)   PK Fall Exemplars (Acrobat 341k)   PK Spring Exemplars (Acrobat 331k)   View Glossary The Pencil icon represents key indicators of the MMSR Prekindergarten Assessment.

## Standard 1.0 Knowledge of Algebra, Patterns, and Functions

Students will algebraically represent, model, analyze, or solve mathematical or real-world problems involving patterns or functional relationships.
For more Prekindergarten assessment information view the Fall Exemplars and Spring Exemplars .

### Topic

A. Patterns and Functions

### Indicator

• 2. Identify, copy, and extend non-numeric patterns
• WSS III C2 Recognizes simple patterns and duplicates them.

### Objectives

1. Match patterns kinesthetically such as: clap/snap/clap...
2. Recognize simple patterns
3. Represent simple repeating patterns using no more than 2 different objects, and different actions in the core of the pattern
4. Continue a simple pattern
5. Create a simple pattern of 2 different objects when given the rule
6. Identify patterns in real-world situations

### Topic

B. Expressions, Equations, and Inequalities

### Indicator

• 2. Identify inequalities

### Objective

1. Explore relationships by comparing groups of no more than 5 objects to determine more or less ## Standard 2.0 Knowledge of Geometry

Students will apply the properties of one-, two-, or three-dimensional geometric figures to describe, reason, or solve problems about shape, size, position, or motion of objects.
For more Prekindergarten assessment information view the Fall Exemplars and Spring Exemplars .

### Topic

A. Plane Geometric Figures

### Indicator

• 1. Recognize and use the attributes of plane geometric figures
• WSS III C1 Sorts objects into subgroups that vary by one or two attributes.
• WSS III D1 Begins to recognize and describe the attributes of shapes.

### Objectives

1. Sort objects by one attribute such as: shape, color, and size
2. Name the attributes of plane figures such as: shape, color, size
3. Match triangles, circles, and squares
4. Identify triangles, circles, and squares in the environment

### Topic

B. Solid Geometric Figures

### Indicator

• 1. Recognize and use the attributes of solid geometric figures
• WSS III D1 Begins to recognize and describe the attributes of shapes.

### Objectives

1. Sort objects by one attribute such as: size, shape, weight, length
2. Find solid figures in the environment

### Topic

E. Transformations

### Indicator

• WSS III D2 Shows understanding of and uses several positional words.

### Objectives

1. Tell position by using words such as: over, under, above, on, next to, below, beside, behind
2. Recognize a slide using concrete materials ## Standard 3.0 Knowledge of Measurement

Students will identify attributes, units, or systems of measurements or apply a variety of techniques, formulas, tools or technology for determining measurements.
For more Prekindergarten assessment information view the Fall Exemplars and Spring Exemplars .

### Topic

A. Measurement Units

### Indicator

• 1. Recognize and use measurement attributes
• WSS III E1 Orders, compares, and describes objects according to a single attribute.

### Objectives

1. Demonstrate an understanding of comparative attributes such as: bigger, smaller, longer, shorter, lighter, heavier, shorter, taller, hotter, colder
2. Compare and describe objects according to a single attribute

### Topic

B. Measurement Tools

### Indicator

• 1. Measure in non-standard units
• WSS III E2 Participates in measuring activities.

### Objectives

1. Measure length of objects
2. Explore the capacity of containers
3. Explore the weight of objects ## Standard 4.0 Knowledge of Statistics

Students will collect, organize, display, analyze, or interpret data to make decisions or predictions.
For more Prekindergarten assessment information view the Fall Exemplars and Spring Exemplars .

A. Data Displays

### Indicator

• 1. Explore and display data

### Objectives

1. Explore data by answering a yes/no question
2. Display data on real graphs
3. Display data on picture graphs

B. Data Analysis

### Indicator

• 1. Analyze data

### Objective

1. Talk about data from real graphs to answer a question such as: Which category has the most? ## Standard 6.0 Knowledge of Number Relationships and Computation/Arithmetic

Students will describe, represent, or apply numbers or their relationships or will estimate or compute using mental strategies, paper/pencil or technology.
For more Prekindergarten assessment information view the Fall Exemplars and Spring Exemplars .

### Topic

A. Knowledge of Number

### Indicator

• WSS III B1 Shows beginning understanding of number and quantity.

### Objectives

1. Build concept of number
2. Show an understanding of quantity
3. Construct relationships based on quantity
4. Use classroom experiences to indicate same, more, or less
5. Count and discuss quantity
6. Use concrete materials to build sets 0 to 5
7. Match a numeral to a set 0 to 5
8. Count to 10
9. Use ordinal words to indicate position such as: first, next, last ## Standard 7.0 Processes of Mathematics

Students demonstrate the processes of mathematics by making connections and applying reasoning to solve problems and to communicate their findings.
For more Prekindergarten assessment information view the Fall Exemplars and Spring Exemplars .

### Topic

A. Problem Solving

### Indicator

• 1. Apply a variety of concepts, processes, and skills to solve problems
• WSS III A1 Begins to use simple strategies to solve mathematical problems.

### Objectives

1. Identify the question in the problem
2. Decide if enough information is present to solve the problem
3. Make a plan to solve a problem
4. Apply a strategy, i.e., draw a picture, guess and check, finding a pattern, writing an equation
5. Select a strategy, i.e., draw a picture, guess and check, finding a pattern, writing an equation
6. Identify alternative ways to solve a problem
7. Show that a problem might have multiple solutions or no solution
8. Extend the solution of a problem to a new problem situation

B. Reasoning

### Indicator

• 1. Justify ideas or solutions with mathematical concepts or proofs

### Objectives

1. Use inductive or deductive reasoning
2. Make or test generalizations
3. Support or refute mathematical statements or solutions
4. Use methods of proof, i.e., direct, indirect, paragraph, or contradiction

C. Communication

### Indicator

• 1. Present mathematical ideas using words, symbols, visual displays, or technology
• WSS III A1 Begins to use simple strategies to solve mathematical problems.

### Objectives

1. Use multiple representations to express concepts or solutions
2. Express mathematical ideas orally
3. Explain mathematically ideas in written form
4. Express solutions using concrete materials
5. Express solutions using pictorial, tabular, graphical, or algebraic methods
6. Explain solutions in written form
7. Ask questions about mathematical ideas or problems
8. Give or use feedback to revise mathematical thinking

D. Connections

### Indicator

• 1. Relate or apply mathematics within the discipline, to other disciplines, and to life

### Objectives

1. Identify mathematical concepts in relationship to other mathematical concepts
2. Identify mathematical concepts in relationship to other disciplines
3. Identify mathematical concepts in relationship to life
4. Use the relationship among mathematical concepts to learn other mathematical concepts Note: Highlighted assessment limits will be tested in the no calculator section of MSA. In the assessment limit, (0-10) or (-10 to 10) means all numbers in the problem or the answer will fall within the range of 0 to 10 (including endpoints) or -10 to 10 (including endpoints), respectively. All content standards are tested in MSA but not all objectives. Objectives that have an assessment limit are tested on MSA. Objectives without an assessment limit are not tested on MSA.

June 2004 