State Standard - Social Studies

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Grade 6 Grade 7 Grade 8
Standard 5.0 History: Students will examine significant ideas, beliefs, and themes; organize patterns and events; and analyze how individuals and societies have changed over time in Maryland and the United States. Standard 5.0 History: Students will examine significant ideas, beliefs, and themes; organize patterns and events; and analyze how individuals and societies have changed over time in Maryland and the United States. Standard 5.0 History: Students will examine significant ideas, beliefs, and themes; organize patterns and events; and analyze how individuals and societies have changed over time in Maryland and the United States.
A. Individuals and Societies Change Over Time A. Individuals and Societies Change Over Time A. Individuals and Societies Change Over Time
1. Analyze how the rise of the earliest communities led to the emergence of agricultural societies
a. Describe characteristics and innovations of hunting and gathering societies, such as nomadic lifestyles, inventors of tools, adaptation to animal migration and vegetation cycles and the shift from food gathering to food-producing activities
   
b. Explain how and why towns and cities grew from early human settlements, including the need for security and government
   
2. Examine the emergence, growth and decline of empires in the Americas
a. Describe and trace the development of political and social structures of the Incas, Mayans and Aztecs
   
B. Emergence, Expansion and Changes in Nations and Empires B. Emergence, Expansion and Changes in Nations and Empires B. Emergence, Expansion and Changes in Nations and Empires
1. Analyze how civilizations emerged in the river valley areas
1. Analyze the growth and the development of nations in the contemporary world
1. Analyze the growth and the development of the United States
a. Describe the characteristics of a civilization, such as social hierarchy, government, writing system, specialization in an area of trade and the establishment of cities
a. Describe the social, political and economic impacts of various world religions on a global society, such as Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Taoism and Buddhism
a. Explain the political and economic impact of the Louisiana Purchase on the United States
b. Compare major cultural, political and economic achievements of river valley civilizations, such as the Tigris and Euphrates River Valley, the Huang River Valley, the Indus River Valley and the Nile River Valley including Egypt, Nubia and Kush
b. Compare the effects of political and cultural changes in nations such as independence movements and democratic reforms
b. Evaluate Manifest Destiny and its impact on territorial expansion of the nation
2. Analyze the emergence and enduring influence of Aegean civilizations
2. Evaluate the importance of Jacksonian Democracy and how it represented a change in the social, political and economic life of the United States
a. Describe the major cultural achievements of the Greek civilization, such as art, science, political systems, and philosophy across time
  a. Explain how the philosophies and policies of the Jacksonian Era represented a move towards greater democratization
b. Explain the emergence, rise and decline of the Greek city-states
  b. Analyze how tariff policy and issues of states' rights influenced the development of political parties and prompted sectional differences
3. Analyze the emergence, expansion and decline of the Roman Empire
3. Evaluate westward movement in the United States before 1877
a. Describe the major achievements of the Roman Era, such as legal, artistic, architectural, technological, and literary
  a. Explain the political, economic, and social factors that motivated people to move west
b. Explain the transition from Roman Republic to Roman Empire including the social structure, significance of citizenship and the development of political institutions
  b. Describe the government strategies used to acquire territory
c. Summarize the factors that led to the decline of the Roman Empire
  c. Analyze the impact of westward movement on relations with Native Americans, such as treaty relations, land acquisition and the policy of Indian Removal
4. Compare the dynasties and empires in ancient China
4. Analyze patterns of immigration to the United States before 1877
a. Describe the causes and consequences of the unification of China under early imperial dynasties, such as the Shang, Zhou, Qin, Han and Tang
  a. Identify the push and pull factors responsible for immigration to the United States, such as the forced migration of Africans and Western European migration
b. Explain the major traditions, customs and beliefs of Confucianism and Taoism in the context of early Chinese imperial dynasties
  b. Analyze the consequences of the rapid settlement of California and Oregon
c. Analyze China's cultural, political and economic influence on Japan, Korea, and countries in Southeast Asia
   
5. Analyze the emergence, growth and decline of African Empires
5. Analyze the political, economic, and social goals of Reconstruction
a. Describe the contributions of major African monarchies, cities, and trade networks, such as Ghana, Mali and Songhai
  a. Explain the goals and policies of the various Reconstruction plans
b. Analyze the cultural and economic impact of African regional and worldwide trade routes
  b. Explain how the 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments addressed the issue of civil rights through abolition, the granting of citizenship, and the right to vote
c. Summarize the factors that led to the decline of the African empires
  c. Identify the legal and illegal actions used to deny African-Americans civil rights
    d. Evaluate the social and economic impact of sharecropping, tenant farming and the Freedman's Bureau in the post Civil War South
C. Conflict between Ideas and Institutions C. Conflict between Ideas and Institutions C. Conflict between Ideas and Institutions
1. Analyze the effect of interactions between civilizations in early world history
1. Analyze the major sources of tension and conflict in the contemporary world
1. Examine and explain the role of religious, social and political institutions in America at the end of the American Revolution
a. Describe how interactions promoted or failed to promote development, such as the Fertile Crescent Empire, Greek city-states, and Latin Empires
a. Describe how the changes in political structures impacted individuals and groups
a. Analyze the political effects of the American Revolution on American society and culture
b. Analyze the causes of the rise and fall, expansion and contraction of political entities and nation-states
b. Examine the impact of philosophies and policies of leaders in the modern world
b. Describe the evolution of the American system of government from a confederal to a federal system of government
    c. Describe how unresolved social, economic, and political issues impacted disenfranchised groups
2. Analyze the major traditions, customs, and beliefs of Hinduism and Buddhism and their expansion throughout Asia
2. Analyze the major traditions, customs and beliefs of world religions and their expansion
2. Analyze the emerging foreign policy of the United States
a. Describe the major traditions, customs and beliefs of Buddhism
a. Explain how the establishment of religions in areas caused conflict
a. Explain why the United States adopted a policy of neutrality prior to the War of 1812
b. Explain the major traditions, customs and beliefs of Hinduism and its political and social impact on India
b. Analyze the political and social impact of religious and traditions in areas such as Europe and the Middle East
b. Explain how the continuing conflict between Great Britain and France influenced the domestic and foreign policy of the United States
    c. Evaluate the origins and provisions of the Monroe Doctrine and explain how it influenced foreign affairs
    d. Explain causes and effects of the Mexican-American War
3. Analyze the emergence and expansion of Islamic civilization
3. Analyze the influence of industrialization and technological developments on society in the United States before 1877
a. Analyze the major traditions, customs, and beliefs of Islam
  a. Describe changes in land and water transportation, including the expanding network of roads, canals, and railroads, and their impact on the economy and settlement patterns
b. Describe causes and consequences of the expansion of Islam into other regions, such as Southwest Asia, Southeast Asia, North Africa, Europe and India
  b. Explain how the cotton gin and the opening of new lands in the South and West impacted the institution of slavery
    c. Analyze the advantages and disadvantages of early industrialization on the economy and society
4. Analyze the changes in the European society during the Middle Ages
4. Analyze the institution of slavery and its influence on societies in the United States
a. Analyze the major traditions, customs, and beliefs of Christianity
  a. Describe pro-slavery and anti-slavery positions and explain how debates over slavery influenced politics and sectionalism
b. Explain the origins and consequences of the Black Death during the 14th century, such as a population decrease, a decline in trade, the elimination of the social order and the decline of religious power
  b. Analyze the experiences of African-American slaves, and free blacks
c. Analyze the characteristics of the development and decline of feudalism and the emergence of monarchies
  c. Compare the relationship of abolitionists to the other reform movements
d. Describe the causes, consequences and cultural diffusion that resulted from the Crusades, such as the increase in Mediterranean trade and the exchange of knowledge and ideas
   
5. Analyze factors affecting the outcome of the Civil War
    a. Analyze government policies regarding slavery, such as the three-fifths clause, the Missouri Compromise (1820) and the Compromise of 1850
    b. Analyze the ideological breakdown that resulted from different events and issues, such as Virginia-Kentucky resolutions, the Hartford Convention, nullification/states' rights, political party division, the Dred Scott decision, John Brown raids
    c. Explain why the 1860 election led to the secession of the southern states
    d. Identify the goals, resources and strategies of the North and the South
    e. Describe the political impact of Lincoln's decisions regarding the deployment of black regiments
 

 

MSDE has developed a toolkit for these standards which can be found online at: http://mdk12.org/instruction/curriculum/social_studies/vsc_toolkit.html.

 

Date: 1/27/2015