State Standard - Social Studies

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Grade 5 Grade 6 Grade 7
Standard 5.0 History: Students will examine significant ideas, beliefs, and themes; organize patterns and events; and analyze how individuals and societies have changed over time in Maryland and the United States. Standard 5.0 History: Students will examine significant ideas, beliefs, and themes; organize patterns and events; and analyze how individuals and societies have changed over time in Maryland and the United States. Standard 5.0 History: Students will examine significant ideas, beliefs, and themes; organize patterns and events; and analyze how individuals and societies have changed over time in Maryland and the United States.
A. Individuals and Societies Change Over Time A. Individuals and Societies Change Over Time A. Individuals and Societies Change Over Time
1. Analyze the chronology and significance of key historical events during the age of European exploration
1. Analyze how the rise of the earliest communities led to the emergence of agricultural societies
a. Describe the origin, destination and goals of the North American explorers
a. Describe characteristics and innovations of hunting and gathering societies, such as nomadic lifestyles, inventors of tools, adaptation to animal migration and vegetation cycles and the shift from food gathering to food-producing activities
 
b. Evaluate the results of the interactions between European explorers and native peoples
b. Explain how and why towns and cities grew from early human settlements, including the need for security and government
 
2. Analyze the chronology and the significance of key historical events leading to early settlements in Colonial America
2. Examine the emergence, growth and decline of empires in the Americas
a. Describe the major settlements in Roanoke, St. Augustine and Jamestown
a. Describe and trace the development of political and social structures of the Incas, Mayans and Aztecs
 
b. Analyze how key historical events impacted Native American societies
   
B. Emergence, Expansion and Changes in Nations and Empires B. Emergence, Expansion and Changes in Nations and Empires B. Emergence, Expansion and Changes in Nations and Empires
1. Analyze how civilizations emerged in the river valley areas
1. Analyze the growth and the development of nations in the contemporary world
  a. Describe the characteristics of a civilization, such as social hierarchy, government, writing system, specialization in an area of trade and the establishment of cities
a. Describe the social, political and economic impacts of various world religions on a global society, such as Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Taoism and Buddhism
  b. Compare major cultural, political and economic achievements of river valley civilizations, such as the Tigris and Euphrates River Valley, the Huang River Valley, the Indus River Valley and the Nile River Valley including Egypt, Nubia and Kush
b. Compare the effects of political and cultural changes in nations such as independence movements and democratic reforms
2. Analyze the growth and development of colonial America
2. Analyze the emergence and enduring influence of Aegean civilizations
a. Describe the religious, political and economic motives of individuals who migrated to North America and the difficulties they encountered
a. Describe the major cultural achievements of the Greek civilization, such as art, science, political systems, and philosophy across time
 
b. Compare the political, economic and social lives of people in New England, Middle and the Southern colonies
b. Explain the emergence, rise and decline of the Greek city-states
 
c. Analyze the different roles and viewpoints of individuals and groups, such as women, men, free and enslaved Africans, and Native Americans during the Revolutionary period
   
3. Analyze the emergence, expansion and decline of the Roman Empire
  a. Describe the major achievements of the Roman Era, such as legal, artistic, architectural, technological, and literary
 
  b. Explain the transition from Roman Republic to Roman Empire including the social structure, significance of citizenship and the development of political institutions
 
  c. Summarize the factors that led to the decline of the Roman Empire
 
4. Compare the dynasties and empires in ancient China
  a. Describe the causes and consequences of the unification of China under early imperial dynasties, such as the Shang, Zhou, Qin, Han and Tang
 
  b. Explain the major traditions, customs and beliefs of Confucianism and Taoism in the context of early Chinese imperial dynasties
 
  c. Analyze China's cultural, political and economic influence on Japan, Korea, and countries in Southeast Asia
 
5. Analyze the emergence, growth and decline of African Empires
  a. Describe the contributions of major African monarchies, cities, and trade networks, such as Ghana, Mali and Songhai
 
  b. Analyze the cultural and economic impact of African regional and worldwide trade routes
 
  c. Summarize the factors that led to the decline of the African empires
 
C. Conflict between Ideas and Institutions C. Conflict between Ideas and Institutions C. Conflict between Ideas and Institutions
1. Analyze the causes of the American Revolution
1. Analyze the effect of interactions between civilizations in early world history
1. Analyze the major sources of tension and conflict in the contemporary world
a. Identify and sequence key events between the French and Indian War and the American Revolution
a. Describe how interactions promoted or failed to promote development, such as the Fertile Crescent Empire, Greek city-states, and Latin Empires
a. Describe how the changes in political structures impacted individuals and groups
b. Examine the viewpoints of Patriots and Loyalists regarding British colonial policy after the Seven Years' War
b. Analyze the causes of the rise and fall, expansion and contraction of political entities and nation-states
b. Examine the impact of philosophies and policies of leaders in the modern world
2. Analyze the effects of the American Revolution
2. Analyze the major traditions, customs, and beliefs of Hinduism and Buddhism and their expansion throughout Asia
2. Analyze the major traditions, customs and beliefs of world religions and their expansion
a. Analyze how the revolution altered colonial and national governments
a. Describe the major traditions, customs and beliefs of Buddhism
a. Explain how the establishment of religions in areas caused conflict
b. Describe individual freedoms that resulted from the formation of an independent nation
b. Explain the major traditions, customs and beliefs of Hinduism and its political and social impact on India
b. Analyze the political and social impact of religious and traditions in areas such as Europe and the Middle East
3. Analyze the emergence and expansion of Islamic civilization
  a. Analyze the major traditions, customs, and beliefs of Islam
 
  b. Describe causes and consequences of the expansion of Islam into other regions, such as Southwest Asia, Southeast Asia, North Africa, Europe and India
 
4. Analyze the changes in the European society during the Middle Ages
  a. Analyze the major traditions, customs, and beliefs of Christianity
 
  b. Explain the origins and consequences of the Black Death during the 14th century, such as a population decrease, a decline in trade, the elimination of the social order and the decline of religious power
 
  c. Analyze the characteristics of the development and decline of feudalism and the emergence of monarchies
 
  d. Describe the causes, consequences and cultural diffusion that resulted from the Crusades, such as the increase in Mediterranean trade and the exchange of knowledge and ideas
 
 

 

MSDE has developed a toolkit for these standards which can be found online at: http://mdk12.org/instruction/curriculum/social_studies/vsc_toolkit.html.

 

Date: 1/27/2015