State Standard - Social Studies

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Grade 4 Grade 5 Grade 6
Standard 5.0 History: Students will examine significant ideas, beliefs, and themes; organize patterns and events; and analyze how individuals and societies have changed over time in Maryland and the United States. Standard 5.0 History: Students will examine significant ideas, beliefs, and themes; organize patterns and events; and analyze how individuals and societies have changed over time in Maryland and the United States. Standard 5.0 History: Students will examine significant ideas, beliefs, and themes; organize patterns and events; and analyze how individuals and societies have changed over time in Maryland and the United States.
A. Individuals and Societies Change Over Time A. Individuals and Societies Change Over Time A. Individuals and Societies Change Over Time
1. Analyze the chronology and significance of key historical events leading to early settlement in Maryland
1. Analyze the chronology and significance of key historical events during the age of European exploration
1. Analyze how the rise of the earliest communities led to the emergence of agricultural societies
a. Explain how and why the Maryland colony was established, including political and economic motives for coming to the new world
a. Describe the origin, destination and goals of the North American explorers
a. Describe characteristics and innovations of hunting and gathering societies, such as nomadic lifestyles, inventors of tools, adaptation to animal migration and vegetation cycles and the shift from food gathering to food-producing activities
b. Compare the development of places and regions, such as St. Mary's City, Western Maryland, Kent Island, and Annapolis
b. Evaluate the results of the interactions between European explorers and native peoples
b. Explain how and why towns and cities grew from early human settlements, including the need for security and government
c. Describe the establishment of slavery and how it shaped life in Maryland
   
2. Compare Native American societies in Maryland before and after European colonization
2. Analyze the chronology and the significance of key historical events leading to early settlements in Colonial America
2. Examine the emergence, growth and decline of empires in the Americas
a. Identify the development of indigenous societies from the Pale-Indians to the Woodland Indians
a. Describe the major settlements in Roanoke, St. Augustine and Jamestown
a. Describe and trace the development of political and social structures of the Incas, Mayans and Aztecs
b. Describe Native American societies indigenous to Maryland after European contact
b. Analyze how key historical events impacted Native American societies
 
B. Emergence, Expansion and Changes in Nations and Empires B. Emergence, Expansion and Changes in Nations and Empires B. Emergence, Expansion and Changes in Nations and Empires
1. Analyze how civilizations emerged in the river valley areas
    a. Describe the characteristics of a civilization, such as social hierarchy, government, writing system, specialization in an area of trade and the establishment of cities
    b. Compare major cultural, political and economic achievements of river valley civilizations, such as the Tigris and Euphrates River Valley, the Huang River Valley, the Indus River Valley and the Nile River Valley including Egypt, Nubia and Kush
2. Analyze the growth and development of colonial America
2. Analyze the emergence and enduring influence of Aegean civilizations
  a. Describe the religious, political and economic motives of individuals who migrated to North America and the difficulties they encountered
a. Describe the major cultural achievements of the Greek civilization, such as art, science, political systems, and philosophy across time
  b. Compare the political, economic and social lives of people in New England, Middle and the Southern colonies
b. Explain the emergence, rise and decline of the Greek city-states
  c. Analyze the different roles and viewpoints of individuals and groups, such as women, men, free and enslaved Africans, and Native Americans during the Revolutionary period
 
3. Analyze the emergence, expansion and decline of the Roman Empire
    a. Describe the major achievements of the Roman Era, such as legal, artistic, architectural, technological, and literary
    b. Explain the transition from Roman Republic to Roman Empire including the social structure, significance of citizenship and the development of political institutions
    c. Summarize the factors that led to the decline of the Roman Empire
4. Compare the dynasties and empires in ancient China
    a. Describe the causes and consequences of the unification of China under early imperial dynasties, such as the Shang, Zhou, Qin, Han and Tang
    b. Explain the major traditions, customs and beliefs of Confucianism and Taoism in the context of early Chinese imperial dynasties
    c. Analyze China's cultural, political and economic influence on Japan, Korea, and countries in Southeast Asia
5. Analyze the emergence, growth and decline of African Empires
    a. Describe the contributions of major African monarchies, cities, and trade networks, such as Ghana, Mali and Songhai
    b. Analyze the cultural and economic impact of African regional and worldwide trade routes
    c. Summarize the factors that led to the decline of the African empires
C. Conflict between Ideas and Institutions C. Conflict between Ideas and Institutions C. Conflict between Ideas and Institutions
1. Examine the consequences of interactions among groups and cultures in Maryland
1. Analyze the causes of the American Revolution
1. Analyze the effect of interactions between civilizations in early world history
a. Describe Maryland colonists' reactions to changing economic policies from England using events that led to the American Revolutionary War
a. Identify and sequence key events between the French and Indian War and the American Revolution
a. Describe how interactions promoted or failed to promote development, such as the Fertile Crescent Empire, Greek city-states, and Latin Empires
b. Explain the interactions between colonists and the British during the Pre-Revolutionary period
b. Examine the viewpoints of Patriots and Loyalists regarding British colonial policy after the Seven Years' War
b. Analyze the causes of the rise and fall, expansion and contraction of political entities and nation-states
2. Explain the political, cultural, economic and social changes in Maryland during the early 1800s
2. Analyze the effects of the American Revolution
2. Analyze the major traditions, customs, and beliefs of Hinduism and Buddhism and their expansion throughout Asia
a. Describe Maryland's role in the War of 1812
a. Analyze how the revolution altered colonial and national governments
a. Describe the major traditions, customs and beliefs of Buddhism
b. Describe the importance of changes in industry, transportation, education, rights and freedoms in Maryland, such as roads and canals, slavery, B&O railroad, the National Road, immigration, public schools, and religious freedoms
b. Describe individual freedoms that resulted from the formation of an independent nation
b. Explain the major traditions, customs and beliefs of Hinduism and its political and social impact on India
3. Analyze regional differences in the Civil War and its effects on people in Maryland
3. Analyze the emergence and expansion of Islamic civilization
a. Describe the economic interests in Maryland, such as agricultural v. industrial and slave v. non-slave
  a. Analyze the major traditions, customs, and beliefs of Islam
b. Explain why loyalties to the North and the South were divided in Maryland
  b. Describe causes and consequences of the expansion of Islam into other regions, such as Southwest Asia, Southeast Asia, North Africa, Europe and India
4. Analyze how the institution of slavery impacted individuals and groups in Maryland
4. Analyze the changes in the European society during the Middle Ages
a. Compare the lives of slave families and free blacks
  a. Analyze the major traditions, customs, and beliefs of Christianity
b. Describe the anti-slavery movement in Maryland
  b. Explain the origins and consequences of the Black Death during the 14th century, such as a population decrease, a decline in trade, the elimination of the social order and the decline of religious power
c. Describe the growth of the Underground Railroad
  c. Analyze the characteristics of the development and decline of feudalism and the emergence of monarchies
    d. Describe the causes, consequences and cultural diffusion that resulted from the Crusades, such as the increase in Mediterranean trade and the exchange of knowledge and ideas
 

 

MSDE has developed a toolkit for these standards which can be found online at: http://mdk12.org/instruction/curriculum/social_studies/vsc_toolkit.html.

 

Date: 1/27/2015