State Standards - Social Studies

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Grade 3 Grade 4 Grade 5
Standard 5.0 History: Students will use historical thinking skills to understand how individuals and events have changed society over time. Standard 5.0 History: Students will examine significant ideas, beliefs, and themes; organize patterns and events; and analyze how individuals and societies have changed over time in Maryland and the United States. Standard 5.0 History: Students will examine significant ideas, beliefs, and themes; organize patterns and events; and analyze how individuals and societies have changed over time in Maryland and the United States.
A. Individuals and Societies Change Over Time A. Individuals and Societies Change Over Time A. Individuals and Societies Change Over Time
1. Examine differences between past and present time
1. Analyze the chronology and significance of key historical events leading to early settlement in Maryland
1. Analyze the chronology and significance of key historical events during the age of European exploration
a. Develop a timeline of events in the community
a. Explain how and why the Maryland colony was established, including political and economic motives for coming to the new world
a. Describe the origin, destination and goals of the North American explorers
b. Explain the relationship among events in a variety of timelines
b. Compare the development of places and regions, such as St. Mary's City, Western Maryland, Kent Island, and Annapolis
b. Evaluate the results of the interactions between European explorers and native peoples
  c. Describe the establishment of slavery and how it shaped life in Maryland
 
2. Investigate how people lived in the past using a variety of primary and secondary sources
2. Compare Native American societies in Maryland before and after European colonization
2. Analyze the chronology and the significance of key historical events leading to early settlements in Colonial America
a. Collect and examine information about people, places, or events of the past using pictures, photographs, maps, audio or visual tapes, and or documents
a. Identify the development of indigenous societies from the Pale-Indians to the Woodland Indians
a. Describe the major settlements in Roanoke, St. Augustine and Jamestown
b. Compare family life in the local community by considering jobs, communication, and transportation
b. Describe Native American societies indigenous to Maryland after European contact
b. Analyze how key historical events impacted Native American societies
B. Emergence, Expansion and Changes in Nations and Empires B. Emergence, Expansion and Changes in Nations and Empires B. Emergence, Expansion and Changes in Nations and Empires
2. Analyze the growth and development of colonial America
    a. Describe the religious, political and economic motives of individuals who migrated to North America and the difficulties they encountered
    b. Compare the political, economic and social lives of people in New England, Middle and the Southern colonies
    c. Analyze the different roles and viewpoints of individuals and groups, such as women, men, free and enslaved Africans, and Native Americans during the Revolutionary period
C. Conflict between Ideas and Institutions C. Conflict between Ideas and Institutions C. Conflict between Ideas and Institutions
1. Examine the consequences of interactions among groups and cultures in Maryland
1. Analyze the causes of the American Revolution
  a. Describe Maryland colonists' reactions to changing economic policies from England using events that led to the American Revolutionary War
a. Identify and sequence key events between the French and Indian War and the American Revolution
  b. Explain the interactions between colonists and the British during the Pre-Revolutionary period
b. Examine the viewpoints of Patriots and Loyalists regarding British colonial policy after the Seven Years' War
2. Explain the political, cultural, economic and social changes in Maryland during the early 1800s
2. Analyze the effects of the American Revolution
  a. Describe Maryland's role in the War of 1812
a. Analyze how the revolution altered colonial and national governments
  b. Describe the importance of changes in industry, transportation, education, rights and freedoms in Maryland, such as roads and canals, slavery, B&O railroad, the National Road, immigration, public schools, and religious freedoms
b. Describe individual freedoms that resulted from the formation of an independent nation
3. Analyze regional differences in the Civil War and its effects on people in Maryland
  a. Describe the economic interests in Maryland, such as agricultural v. industrial and slave v. non-slave
 
  b. Explain why loyalties to the North and the South were divided in Maryland
 
4. Analyze how the institution of slavery impacted individuals and groups in Maryland
  a. Compare the lives of slave families and free blacks
 
  b. Describe the anti-slavery movement in Maryland
 
  c. Describe the growth of the Underground Railroad
 
 

 

MSDE has developed a toolkit for these standards which can be found online at: http://mdk12.org/instruction/curriculum/social_studies/vsc_toolkit.html.

 

Date: 1/27/2015