State Standards - Social Studies

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Standard 4.0 Economics: Students will identify the economic principles and processes that are helpful to producers and consumers when making good decisions. Standard 4.0 Economics: Students will identify the economic principles and processes that are helpful to producers and consumers when making good decisions. Standard 4.0 Economics: Students will identify the economic principles and processes that are helpful to producers and consumers when making good decisions. Standard 4.0 Economics: Students will identify the economic principles and processes that are helpful to producers and consumers when making good decisions. Standard 4.0 Economics: Students will identify the economic principles and processes that are helpful to producers and consumers when making good decisions. Standard 4.0 Economics: Students will develop economic reasoning to understand the historical development and current status of economic principles, institutions, and processes needed to be effective citizens, consumers, and workers participating in local communities, the nation, and the world. Standard 4.0 Economics: Students will develop economic reasoning to understand the historical development and current status of economic principles, institutions, and processes needed to be effective citizens, consumers, and workers participating in local communities, the nation, and the world. Standard 4.0 Economics: Students will develop economic reasoning to understand the historical development and current status of economic principles, institutions, and processes needed to be effective citizens, consumers, and workers participating in local communities, the nation, and the world. Standard 4.0 Economics: Students will develop economic reasoning to understand the historical development and current status of economic principles, institutions, and processes needed to be effective citizens, consumers, and workers participating in local communities, the nation, and the world. Standard 4.0 Economics: Students will develop economic reasoning to understand the historical development and current status of economic principles, institutions, and processes needed to be effective citizens, consumers, and workers participating in local communities, the nation, and the world.
A. Scarcity and Economic Decision-making A. Scarcity and Economic Decision-making A. Scarcity and Economic Decision-making A. Scarcity and Economic Decision-making A. Scarcity and Economic Decision-making A. Scarcity and Economic Decision-making A. Scarcity and Economic Decision-making A. Scarcity and Economic Decision-making A. Scarcity and Economic Decision-making A. Scarcity and Economic Decision-making
1. Recognize that people have to make choices because of unlimited economic wants
1. Describe choices people make because of unlimited economic wants
1. Describe economic choices people make about goods and services
1. Explain why people have to make economic choices about goods and services
1. Explain that people must make choices because resources are limited relative to unlimited wants for goods and services
1. Explain that people must make choices because resources are limited relative to economic wants for goods and services in Maryland, past and present
1. Explain that people made choices because resources were limited relative to economic wants for goods and services in Colonial America
1. Explain that people made choices because resources relative to economic wants to goods and services in the context of early world history
1. Analyze the decisions that people made because resources were limited relative to economic wants for goods and services in contemporary world regions
1. Analyze the decisions that people made because resources were limited relative to economic wants for goods and services in America
a. Identify that goods are things that people make or grow
a. Explain that goods are things that people make or grow
a. Identify and discuss goods and services provided in the community
a. Identify and explain economic choices people make
a. Explain why people must make economic choices
a. Identify opportunity cost of economic decisions made by individuals, businesses, and governments
a. Identify the opportunity cost of economic decisions, such as whether or not to buy products on which British taxes were imposed
a. Identify opportunity cost of economic decisions made by individuals and groups such as the decision to engage in trade
a. Identify the opportunity cost of economic decisions made by individuals, businesses, and governments such as decisions about investing in education
a. Describe the opportunity cost of economic decisions by individuals, businesses, and governments in the U.S. through 1877, such as the decision about territorial acquisition
b. Demonstrate the ability to make a choice
b. Identify situations where people make choices
b. Explain how getting something one wants may mean giving up something in return
b. Identify and give examples of the positive and negative aspects of each choice
b. Identify and apply the steps in the decision-making process
         
      c. Explain that choices have consequences, some of which are more important than others
c. Identify the opportunity cost of a choice or decision
         
2. Identify that materials/resources are used to make products
2. Identify that resources are used to make products
2. Describe the production process
2. Explain the production process
2. Examine the production process
2. Explain how limited economic resources are used to produce goods and services to satisfy economic wants in Maryland
2. Analyze how limited economic resources were used to satisfy economic wants in Colonial America
2. Analyze how scarce economic resources were used to satisfy economic wants in early world history
2. Analyze how scarcity of economic resources affects economic choices in contemporary world regions
2. Analyze how scarcity affected economic choices prior to 1877
a. Recognize that workers do jobs in the home and school
a. Recognize workers as human resources
a. Give examples of natural and human resources used in production, such as making butter, making ice cream, and building houses
a. Identify the natural, capital, and human resources used in the production of a good or service
a. Explain how producers make choices because of limited natural, human, and capital resources
a. Describe how scarcity and the availability of economic resources determine what is produced and the effects on consumers
a. Describe how limited resources and unlimited economic wants caused colonists to choose certain goods and services
a. Identify ways people have used resources to meet economic wants such as domesticating agriculture
a. Describe how goals of countries affect the use of resources in the pursuit of economic growth, and sustainable development
a. Compare how scarce resources affected the decisions of consumers and producers in different regions of the United States
b. Participate in steps that are followed in making a product, such as a drawing, a block building, and a card for a friend or relative
b. Describe some jobs and what is required to perform them
b. Describe the skills people need for their work in the home, school, and community
b. Identify examples of specialized workers in the school and community, such as nurses, truck drivers, lawyers, and postal workers
b. Give examples of when limited resources affect the decisions producers make
  b. Describe how available resources affected specialization and trade
b. Describe how available resources affected specialization and trade
b. Identify tradeoffs made in economic decisions by producers and consumers
b. Describe the importance of economic freedom and economic equity on growth in the North and South prior to 1860
  c. Recognize that natural resources, such as water, trees, and plants are used to make products
    c. Describe steps in the production process to produce a product
  c. Analyze how changing from a British colony to an independent nation affected economic resources, production, and economic wants
  c. Explain how available resources affect specialization and trade
c. Evaluate socio-economic goals in the North and South after to the Civil War
        d. Explain how specialized work results in increased production
         
3. Explain how technology affects the way people live, work, and play
3. Explain how technology affects the way people live, work, and play
3. Explain how technology affects the way people live, work, and play
3. Examine how technology affects the way people live, work and play
3. Examine how technology affects the way people live, work, and play
3. Explain how technological changes have affected production and consumption in Maryland
3. Analyze how technological changes affected production and consumption in Colonial America
3. Analyze how technological changes affected consumption and production in early world history
3. Analyze how technological changes have affected the consumption and production in the contemporary world
3. Analyze how technological changes affected production in the United States prior to 1877
a. Begin to be aware of technology and how it affects daily life, such as different ways to fasten shoes and different appliances to cook food
a. Begin to be aware of technology and how it affects life
a. Describe how tools and products have affected the way people live, work, or play
a. Identify examples of technology used by consumers, such as automobiles, cameras, telephones, microwaves, televisions, and computers
a. Describe how changes in technology have affected the lives of consumers, such as UPC bar codes, and online shopping
a. Describe how changes in technology, such as refrigeration, impacted the lives of consumers
a. Explain how the development of new products and new technologies affected the way people lived
a. Give examples of how technology changed consumption and provided greater access to goods and services
a. Give examples of how technology has changed consumption of goods and services, such as the development of computers
a. Describe the effects of new technology and resource use on economic growth, such as factories, machinery, roads and the telegraph
      b. Analyze why consumers use technology in their daily lives
b. Describe how changes in technology have affected lives of producers, such as robot-powered assembly lines
b. Describe how entrepreneurship inspired technological changes and affected business productivity
b. Examine how technology has changed production such as wheat/grist mills
b. Examine why technology has changed production such as the development of the printing press
b. Examine why technology has changed job skills and the influenced productivity
b. Examine why and how technology and production in the industrial North influenced the outcome of the Civil War
4. Describe regional economic specialization in Maryland and the ways people live and work
4. Analyze the consequences of specialized work on interdependence, trade, and economic growth
4. Examine how specialization, interdependence and trade affected the production of goods and services in early world history
4. Compare the levels of specialization and economic development in different parts of the contemporary world
4. Analyze economic activities, economic decisions, and specialization before and after the Civil War
          a. Explain how available resources determine which careers are more common in one region such as waterman on the Eastern Shore
a. Analyze examples of regional specialization and how it contributed to economic growth through the colonies
a. Analyze examples of regional specialization that resulted from economic resources, such as silk production, bronze casting and terraced farming
a. Analyze examples of specialization that result from economic resources
a. Describe how differences between the agrarian South and the industrial North heightened tensions
          b. Describe how specialization results in the interdependence of people
b. Explain specialization and interdependence using the triangular trade routes
b. Describe the effects of agricultural surplus and job specialization on the emergence of early towns and cities in various parts of the world
b. Describe the standard of living and the quality of life in a world region using data, such as Gross National Product (GNP), Gross Domestic Product (GDP), per capita income and the Human Development Index (HDI)
b. Examine the importance of population growth, specialization and trade to economic development prior to the Civil War
              c. Identify African and Eurasian trade routes to explain how surplus goods and regional specialization resulted in economic interdependence
c. Identify factors that have influenced economic development in various regions, such as individuals, corporations, natural resources, technology, military power, population growth, international organizations, infrastructure and public health issues
c. Describe the economic opportunities and obstacles faced by different individuals and groups of people before and after the Civil War
B. Economic Systems and the Role of Government in the Economy B. Economic Systems and the Role of Government in the Economy B. Economic Systems and the Role of Government in the Economy B. Economic Systems and the Role of Government in the Economy B. Economic Systems and the Role of Government in the Economy B. Economic Systems and the Role of Government in the Economy B. Economic Systems and the Role of Government in the Economy B. Economic Systems and the Role of Government in the Economy B. Economic Systems and the Role of Government in the Economy B. Economic Systems and the Role of Government in the Economy
1. Identify types of local markets
1. Identify types of local markets
1. Describe types of markets in the community
1. Describe different types of markets
1. Describe different types of markets
1. Describe the types of economic systems in Maryland
1. Describe the types of economic systems in colonial America
1. Describe the types of economic systems in early world societies
1. Evaluate the types of economic systems in countries throughout the contemporary world
1. Evaluate the types of economic systems prior to 1877
a. Identify markets as places where buyers and sellers meet
a. Describe how buyers and sellers make exchanges at the market
a. Explain how markets operate
a. Describe different market situations where buyers and sellers meet to exchange goods and services
a. Identify markets that are not face-to-face meetings, such as Internet shopping or catalog shopping
a. Provide examples of tradition in the Maryland economy, such as businesses and skills that are handed down through families
a. Identify examples of tradition, such as the economic roles of men and women
a. Describe how various early world societies answer the basic question of what, how, and for whom to produce
a. Examine how different economic systems, traditional, command, market, and mixed answer the basic economic question of what, how, and for whom to produce
a. Analyze how 19th century societies answered the basic question of what, how, and for whom to produce
    b. Identify markets in the local community, such as grocery stores, farmers' markets, toy stores, and fast food restaurants
b. Describe how people meet in market communities around the world, such as farmers' markets and door-to-door sales
b. Describe how countries around the world trade in the global market
b. Give examples of the kinds of goods and services produced in Maryland during different historical periods
b. Describe examples of command decisions, such as the imposition of the Stamp Act and the Tea Act
b. Describe examples of tradition in economies such as the economic roles of men and women in tribal societies
b. Describe examples of decisions in (traditional economies, such as the economic roles of men and women
b. Analyze how the characteristics of a market economy affected the economic development of the 19th century such as the role of entrepreneurs, markets, and competition
            c. Analyze a market economy and give examples of how the colonial economy exhibited these characteristics such as private ownership and consumer choice
c. Describe examples of command in economies, such as the feudal system
c. Describe examples of command modern economies, such as government ownership of land and other resources
 
2. Identify goods and services provided by the government and paid for by taxes
2. Describe the role of government in regulating economic activity and providing goods and services
2. Describe the role of British government on the colonial economy
2. Describe the transition from feudalism and the manor system to the development of early towns
2. Analyze the role of government in the economies of contemporary societies
2. Analyze the role of government in the U.S. economy prior to 1877
        a. Classify goods and services according to who produces them, such as the government, business, or both
a. Give examples of how governments' decision making affect economic growth and the ability to provide jobs and provide services
a. Explain how colonists were forced to change their purchasing habits based on the scarcity of goods imposed by taxes
a. Explain how the growth and management of towns, guilds, and the banking system were affected by technology and agriculture
a. Explore how government spending and taxation influence an economy's ability to grow and provide jobs and services
a. Give examples of how government spending and taxation influenced the U.S economy's ability to grow and provide jobs, such as the expansion of the railroad system
          b. Explain how local and state governments in Maryland provide goods and services and are paid for by taxes
b. Evaluate the trade-offs of British protectionism
b. Analyze how the guild system addressed changes in the economy, such as dictating price and production
b. Evaluate the trade-offs of government regulations
b. Explain how the protection of private property rights, regulation of trade, imposition of taxes, and creation of a monetary system are included in the Constitution
          c. Give examples of government's rules and laws that affect how people in businesses work such as requiring licenses to drive and regulating resources
    c. Analyze the ways that governments can help or impede economic activity, such as providing a stable monetary system, protecting property rights, maintaining infrastructure and providing public goods and services
c. Examine ways in which the government influenced the economy such as spending, taxing and acquisition of territories
                d. Examine the impact of regulatory agencies in different countries, such as consumer behavior, air traffic management, and environmental protection
 
3. Identify how goods are acquired
3. Describe how goods are acquired
3. Describe how goods and services are acquired
3. Describe how consumers acquire goods and services
3. Describe how consumers acquire goods and services
3. Examine the progression from a barter system to a money economy in Colonial America
3. Describe the role of money and barter in the colonial trade
3. Describe the importance of medium of exchange in early world history
3. Describe the money and banking systems in various countries in the contemporary world
3. Describe the effects of government actions on the banking system prior to 1877
a. Identify that coins and bills are money
a. Explain that money is one way to acquire goods
a. Describe how people earn money by working at a job
a. Identify goods and services provided by businesses
a. Develop a budget indicating income and expenses
a. Give examples of barter exchanges of goods and services in Maryland
a. Compare the benefits of a money economy to a barter economy
a. Explain how societies used mediums of exchange to facilitate trade and help their economies grow
a. Explain why a stable money and banking system is necessary for an economy to grow and prosper
a. Explain the effects of the boom and bust cycles on economic growth and stability
b. Identify that money is used to buy goods
b. Explain that trading is another way to acquire goods
b. Compare goods that have different values, such as same item at different stores
b. Identify goods and services provided by government
b. Develop a plan that shows how money is obtained, such as selling things, getting a gift, and getting allowance
b. Give examples of contemporary money exchanges
      b. Describe the effects of the absence of a national banking system on economic stability, such as the effects of the Panic of 1837
  c. Recognize that goods have different values
  c. Explain different ways to pay for goods and services, such as credit cards, checks, debit cards, and money orders
           
 

 

MSDE has developed a toolkit for these standards which can be found online at: http://mdk12.org/instruction/curriculum/social_studies/vsc_toolkit.html.

 

Date: 1/27/2015