State Standard - Social Studies

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Grade 6 Grade 7 Grade 8
Standard 3.0 Geography: Students will use geographic concepts and processes to examine the role of culture, technology, and the environment in the location and distribution of human activities and spatial connections throughout time. Standard 3.0 Geography: Students will use geographic concepts and processes to examine the role of culture, technology, and the environment in the location and distribution of human activities and spatial connections throughout time. Standard 3.0 Geography: Students will use geographic concepts and processes to examine the role of culture, technology, and the environment in the location and distribution of human activities and spatial connections throughout time.
A. Using Geographic Tools A. Using Geographic Tools A. Using Geographic Tools
1. Use geographic tools to locate places and describe the human and physical characteristics in early world history
1. Use geographic tools to locate places and describe the human and physical characteristics in the contemporary world
1. Use geographic tools to analyze geographic issues and problems prior to 1877
a. Use maps to compare geographic locations of civilizations from world history to:
  • Mesopotamia
  • Africa including Egypt
  • Nubia/Kush and Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Indus River Valley
  • Northern China
  • Greeks and Romans
  • Mesoamerican, such as the Incas, Mayans and Aztecs
a. Use maps to compare geographic locations of places and regions
a. Use thematic maps to locate places and describe the human and physical characteristics, such as settlement patterns, migration, population density, transportation, and communication networks
b. Use photographs and thematic maps, to identify and describe physical and human characteristics of early civilizations
b. Use photographs and thematic maps to compare human and physical characteristics of places and regions
b. Explain interrelationships among physical and human characteristics that shaped the nation
  c. Analyze geographic issues and problems
c. Analyze thematic maps to determine demographic and economic information about a region
B. Geographic Characteristics of Places and Regions B. Geographic Characteristics of Places and Regions B. Geographic Characteristics of Places and Regions
1. Examine how physical and human characteristics shape the identity of places and regions and influence the development of civilizations in world history
1. Analyze interrelationships among physical and human characteristics that shape the identity of places and regions around the world
1. Analyze how geographic characteristics influenced the location and development of regions in the United States prior to 1877
a. Identify and describe physical characteristics that influenced human settlement
a. Identify and describe physical characteristics that influenced human settlement
a. Analyze how geographic characteristics influenced the location and development of economic activities, such as farming, lumbering, fur trading, whaling and the rise of industry in the early national period
b. Explain how physical characteristics of a place influenced human activities, such as agriculture, transportation, art and architecture and economic activity in the ancient world
b. Explain how physical and human characteristics of a region such as vegetation, climate, minerals, population density and religion, affect its economic growth and the way people make a living
b. Describe how changes in transportation systems, such as roads, canals and railroads affected the expansion of trade and settlement
c. Explain how human perceptions of and interactions with the environment changed over time in due to technologies, such as road building, dam construction, and agricultural improvements
c. Analyze how regional characteristics and interests including economic development, climate, and the environmental impact government policies
c. Analyze how geographic characteristics stimulated regional growth, such as the purchase of the Louisiana Territory
  d. Identify geographic factors that have influenced international relations and economic development in world regions, such as trade, infrastructure, and health issues
 
C. Movement of People, Goods and Ideas C. Movement of People, Goods and Ideas C. Movement of People, Goods and Ideas
1. Describe and analyze population growth, migration and settlement patterns in early world history
1. Describe and analyze population growth, migration and settlement patterns in contemporary world regions
1. Analyze population growth, migration and settlement patterns in the United States prior to 1877
a. Identify reasons why people migrate, such as economic opportunity, climate, and political reasons
a. Identify reasons why people migrate, such as economic opportunity, climate, political reasons and government policies
a. Explain why Americans migrated west, such as fertile soil, minerals, and economic opportunity, and the impact on that region
b. Explain how the development of transportation and communication networks influenced the movement of people, goods and ideas from place to place, such as trade routes in Africa, Asia and Europe, and the spread of Islam
b. Evaluate the consequences of migration and settlement in various regions of the world, such as employment, changes in population and cultural diversity/conflict
b. Describe the effects of the influx of immigrants on the United States
c. Describe how economic systems and cultural diffusion help to shape patterns of human settlement and interaction
c. Explain how regional population patterns, trends, and projections affect the environment and influence government policies
c. Explain how the regional demographic factors of constituents, such as race, ethnicity, education, occupation, and wealth affect public policy and voting issues
D. Modifying and Adapting to the Environment D. Modifying and Adapting to the Environment D. Modifying and Adapting to the Environment
1. Analyze why and how people modify their natural environment and the impact of those modifications
1. Analyze why and how people in contemporary world regions modify their natural environment and the impact of those modifications
1. Analyze why and how people in the United States modify their natural environment and the impact of those modifications
a. Describe ways people modified their environment to meet their needs, such as cultivating lands, building roads, dams, and aqueducts
a. Identify trade offs of using resources to pursue economic opportunities v. preserving the environment, such as water use, the burning of fossil fuels, deforestation, and strip mining
a. Analyze the trade offs of using resources to pursue economic opportunities v. preserving the environment, such as westward movement
b. Analyze how people in early world history perceived and reacted to environmental concerns, such as flooding, drought, and depletion of natural resources and evaluate the consequences of those actions
b. Evaluate the consequences of modifying the natural environment, such as desertification, air pollution, and climate change
b. Explain the consequences of modifying the natural environment, such as soil erosion, loss of soil fertility and over-fishing
  c. Identify and explain land use issues that illustrate the conflict between economic growth, deforestation, mining, and burning fossil fuels
c. Identify and explain land use issues that illustrate the conflict between economic growth and using the environment
  d. Explain how land use and environmental issues such as burning the rain forest and environmental preservation are addressed by government policy
d. Analyze how land use was managed by the federal government such as the Land Ordinance of 1785 and the Northwest Ordinance of 1787
 

 

MSDE has developed a toolkit for these standards which can be found online at: http://mdk12.org/instruction/curriculum/social_studies/vsc_toolkit.html.

 

Date: 1/27/2015