State Standard - Social Studies

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Grade 5 Grade 6 Grade 7
Standard 3.0 Geography: Students will use geographic concepts and processes to examine the role of culture, technology, and the environment in the location and distribution of human activities and spatial connections throughout time. Standard 3.0 Geography: Students will use geographic concepts and processes to examine the role of culture, technology, and the environment in the location and distribution of human activities and spatial connections throughout time. Standard 3.0 Geography: Students will use geographic concepts and processes to examine the role of culture, technology, and the environment in the location and distribution of human activities and spatial connections throughout time.
A. Using Geographic Tools A. Using Geographic Tools A. Using Geographic Tools
1. Use geographic tools to locate places and describe human and physical characteristics in Colonial America
1. Use geographic tools to locate places and describe the human and physical characteristics in early world history
1. Use geographic tools to locate places and describe the human and physical characteristics in the contemporary world
a. Use map elements to interpret and construct a variety of maps
a. Use maps to compare geographic locations of civilizations from world history to:
  • Mesopotamia
  • Africa including Egypt
  • Nubia/Kush and Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Indus River Valley
  • Northern China
  • Greeks and Romans
  • Mesoamerican, such as the Incas, Mayans and Aztecs
a. Use maps to compare geographic locations of places and regions
b. Use a globe and a variety of maps, atlases to identify natural/physical features of colonial settlements
b. Use photographs and thematic maps, to identify and describe physical and human characteristics of early civilizations
b. Use photographs and thematic maps to compare human and physical characteristics of places and regions
c. Use photographs, maps, and drawings to describe geographic characteristics
  c. Analyze geographic issues and problems
d. Compare geographic locations and geographic characteristics of colonial settlements, such as, Jamestown, Plymouth, Boston, Philadelphia, Charleston, and New York City
   
B. Geographic Characteristics of Places and Regions B. Geographic Characteristics of Places and Regions B. Geographic Characteristics of Places and Regions
1. Examine the similarities and differences of regions in Colonial America
1. Examine how physical and human characteristics shape the identity of places and regions and influence the development of civilizations in world history
1. Analyze interrelationships among physical and human characteristics that shape the identity of places and regions around the world
a. Compare the natural/physical and human characteristics of the three colonial regions
  • New England
  • Middle
  • Southern
a. Identify and describe physical characteristics that influenced human settlement
a. Identify and describe physical characteristics that influenced human settlement
b. Describe how geographic characteristics of a place or region changed from early settlements through the colonial period
b. Explain how physical characteristics of a place influenced human activities, such as agriculture, transportation, art and architecture and economic activity in the ancient world
b. Explain how physical and human characteristics of a region such as vegetation, climate, minerals, population density and religion, affect its economic growth and the way people make a living
c. Explain how geographic characteristics affect how people live and work, and the population distribution of a place or region
c. Explain how human perceptions of and interactions with the environment changed over time in due to technologies, such as road building, dam construction, and agricultural improvements
c. Analyze how regional characteristics and interests including economic development, climate, and the environmental impact government policies
    d. Identify geographic factors that have influenced international relations and economic development in world regions, such as trade, infrastructure, and health issues
C. Movement of People, Goods and Ideas C. Movement of People, Goods and Ideas C. Movement of People, Goods and Ideas
1. Describe and analyze population growth, migration and settlement patterns in Colonial America
1. Describe and analyze population growth, migration and settlement patterns in early world history
1. Describe and analyze population growth, migration and settlement patterns in contemporary world regions
a. Explain how geographic characteristics influenced settlement patterns in Colonial America
a. Identify reasons why people migrate, such as economic opportunity, climate, and political reasons
a. Identify reasons why people migrate, such as economic opportunity, climate, political reasons and government policies
b. Analyze the consequences of migration between the colonies and immigration to the colonies, such as Europeans and Africans immigrating to the east coast of the United States
b. Explain how the development of transportation and communication networks influenced the movement of people, goods and ideas from place to place, such as trade routes in Africa, Asia and Europe, and the spread of Islam
b. Evaluate the consequences of migration and settlement in various regions of the world, such as employment, changes in population and cultural diversity/conflict
c. Explain the importance of shipping and trading to the economic development of the colonies, such as Triangular Trade
c. Describe how economic systems and cultural diffusion help to shape patterns of human settlement and interaction
c. Explain how regional population patterns, trends, and projections affect the environment and influence government policies
D. Modifying and Adapting to the Environment D. Modifying and Adapting to the Environment D. Modifying and Adapting to the Environment
1. Explain why and how people adapt to and modify the natural environment and the impact of those modifications
1. Analyze why and how people modify their natural environment and the impact of those modifications
1. Analyze why and how people in contemporary world regions modify their natural environment and the impact of those modifications
a. Compare ways Native American societies used the natural environment for food, clothing, and shelter
a. Describe ways people modified their environment to meet their needs, such as cultivating lands, building roads, dams, and aqueducts
a. Identify trade offs of using resources to pursue economic opportunities v. preserving the environment, such as water use, the burning of fossil fuels, deforestation, and strip mining
b. Describe ways that colonists in the New England, Middle and Southern regions adapted to and modified the environment, such as the uses of the grist mill, water wheels and plantation farming
b. Analyze how people in early world history perceived and reacted to environmental concerns, such as flooding, drought, and depletion of natural resources and evaluate the consequences of those actions
b. Evaluate the consequences of modifying the natural environment, such as desertification, air pollution, and climate change
c. Explain how colonists adapted to and modified their environments and how these modifications sometimes created environmental problems
  c. Identify and explain land use issues that illustrate the conflict between economic growth, deforestation, mining, and burning fossil fuels
    d. Explain how land use and environmental issues such as burning the rain forest and environmental preservation are addressed by government policy
 

 

MSDE has developed a toolkit for these standards which can be found online at: http://mdk12.org/instruction/curriculum/social_studies/vsc_toolkit.html.

 

Date: 1/27/2015