State Standard - Social Studies

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Grade 4 Grade 5 Grade 6
Standard 3.0 Geography: Students will use geographic concepts and processes to examine the role of culture, technology, and the environment in the location and distribution of human activities and spatial connections throughout time. Standard 3.0 Geography: Students will use geographic concepts and processes to examine the role of culture, technology, and the environment in the location and distribution of human activities and spatial connections throughout time. Standard 3.0 Geography: Students will use geographic concepts and processes to examine the role of culture, technology, and the environment in the location and distribution of human activities and spatial connections throughout time.
A. Using Geographic Tools A. Using Geographic Tools A. Using Geographic Tools
1. Use geographic tools to locate places and describe the human and physical characteristics of those places
1. Use geographic tools to locate places and describe human and physical characteristics in Colonial America
1. Use geographic tools to locate places and describe the human and physical characteristics in early world history
a. Construct and interpret a variety of maps using map elements
a. Use map elements to interpret and construct a variety of maps
a. Use maps to compare geographic locations of civilizations from world history to:
  • Mesopotamia
  • Africa including Egypt
  • Nubia/Kush and Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Indus River Valley
  • Northern China
  • Greeks and Romans
  • Mesoamerican, such as the Incas, Mayans and Aztecs
b. Use photographs, maps, charts, graphs, and atlases to describe geographic characteristics of Maryland/United States
b. Use a globe and a variety of maps, atlases to identify natural/physical features of colonial settlements
b. Use photographs and thematic maps, to identify and describe physical and human characteristics of early civilizations
c. Identify and locate natural/physical features and human-made features of Maryland such as Appalachian Mountains, Piedmont Plateau, and Atlantic Coastal Plain
c. Use photographs, maps, and drawings to describe geographic characteristics
 
d. Identify and locate natural/physical features and human-made features of the United States
d. Compare geographic locations and geographic characteristics of colonial settlements, such as, Jamestown, Plymouth, Boston, Philadelphia, Charleston, and New York City
 
B. Geographic Characteristics of Places and Regions B. Geographic Characteristics of Places and Regions B. Geographic Characteristics of Places and Regions
1. Describe similarities and differences of regions by using geographic characteristics
1. Examine the similarities and differences of regions in Colonial America
1. Examine how physical and human characteristics shape the identity of places and regions and influence the development of civilizations in world history
a. Compare physical characteristics of different places and regions of Maryland and the United States including natural/physical features, weather and climate, soil, vegetation, minerals and animal life
a. Compare the natural/physical and human characteristics of the three colonial regions
  • New England
  • Middle
  • Southern
a. Identify and describe physical characteristics that influenced human settlement
b. Compare human characteristics of different places and regions of Maryland the United States, including human-made features, language, religions, political systems, economic activity, and population distribution
b. Describe how geographic characteristics of a place or region changed from early settlements through the colonial period
b. Explain how physical characteristics of a place influenced human activities, such as agriculture, transportation, art and architecture and economic activity in the ancient world
c. Describe how geographic characteristics of a place or region change over time and affect the way people live and work
c. Explain how geographic characteristics affect how people live and work, and the population distribution of a place or region
c. Explain how human perceptions of and interactions with the environment changed over time in due to technologies, such as road building, dam construction, and agricultural improvements
C. Movement of People, Goods and Ideas C. Movement of People, Goods and Ideas C. Movement of People, Goods and Ideas
1. Describe and analyze population growth, migration, and settlement patterns in Maryland and regions of the United States
1. Describe and analyze population growth, migration and settlement patterns in Colonial America
1. Describe and analyze population growth, migration and settlement patterns in early world history
a. Explain how geographic characteristics influenced settlement patterns in Maryland and the United States
a. Explain how geographic characteristics influenced settlement patterns in Colonial America
a. Identify reasons why people migrate, such as economic opportunity, climate, and political reasons
b. Explain how changes in transportation and communication led to the growth and development of towns and cities in Maryland and United States
b. Analyze the consequences of migration between the colonies and immigration to the colonies, such as Europeans and Africans immigrating to the east coast of the United States
b. Explain how the development of transportation and communication networks influenced the movement of people, goods and ideas from place to place, such as trade routes in Africa, Asia and Europe, and the spread of Islam
d. Describe the transportation and communication networks for the movement of people, goods, and ideas to, from and within Maryland such as Bay Bridge, National Road, B & O Railroad, the Port of Baltimore, and C & O Canal
c. Explain the importance of shipping and trading to the economic development of the colonies, such as Triangular Trade
c. Describe how economic systems and cultural diffusion help to shape patterns of human settlement and interaction
e. Identify the reasons for the movement of peoples to, from, and within Maryland and the United States
   
D. Modifying and Adapting to the Environment D. Modifying and Adapting to the Environment D. Modifying and Adapting to the Environment
1. Describe how people adapt to, modify and impact the natural environment
1. Explain why and how people adapt to and modify the natural environment and the impact of those modifications
1. Analyze why and how people modify their natural environment and the impact of those modifications
a. Compare ways Native American societies in Maryland used the natural environment for food, clothing, and shelter
a. Compare ways Native American societies used the natural environment for food, clothing, and shelter
a. Describe ways people modified their environment to meet their needs, such as cultivating lands, building roads, dams, and aqueducts
b. Describe ways and reasons people in Maryland and the United States modify the natural environment and the consequences of modifications
b. Describe ways that colonists in the New England, Middle and Southern regions adapted to and modified the environment, such as the uses of the grist mill, water wheels and plantation farming
b. Analyze how people in early world history perceived and reacted to environmental concerns, such as flooding, drought, and depletion of natural resources and evaluate the consequences of those actions
c. Explain how the growth of communities and suburbs have had consequences on the environment, loss of farmland, and pollution
c. Explain how colonists adapted to and modified their environments and how these modifications sometimes created environmental problems
 
d. Describe how land use and urban growth are influenced by governmental decisions
   
 

 

MSDE has developed a toolkit for these standards which can be found online at: http://mdk12.org/instruction/curriculum/social_studies/vsc_toolkit.html.

 

Date: 1/27/2015