State Standards - Social Studies

Print pages on legal paper, landscape mode.
Grade 3 Grade 4 Grade 5
Standard 3.0 Geography: Students will use geographic concepts and processes to understand location and its relationship to human activities. Standard 3.0 Geography: Students will use geographic concepts and processes to examine the role of culture, technology, and the environment in the location and distribution of human activities and spatial connections throughout time. Standard 3.0 Geography: Students will use geographic concepts and processes to examine the role of culture, technology, and the environment in the location and distribution of human activities and spatial connections throughout time.
A. Using Geographic Tools A. Using Geographic Tools A. Using Geographic Tools
1. Use geographic tools to locate and construct meaning about places on Earth
1. Use geographic tools to locate places and describe the human and physical characteristics of those places
1. Use geographic tools to locate places and describe human and physical characteristics in Colonial America
a. Describe the purposes of a variety of maps and atlases, such as transportation maps, physical maps, and political maps
a. Construct and interpret a variety of maps using map elements
a. Use map elements to interpret and construct a variety of maps
b. Construct and interpret maps by using elements, such as title, compass rose, simple grid system, scale, legend/key, date, and author
b. Use photographs, maps, charts, graphs, and atlases to describe geographic characteristics of Maryland/United States
b. Use a globe and a variety of maps, atlases to identify natural/physical features of colonial settlements
c. Identify the location of communities, major cities in Maryland, United States and the world using a globe, maps, and atlases
c. Identify and locate natural/physical features and human-made features of Maryland such as Appalachian Mountains, Piedmont Plateau, and Atlantic Coastal Plain
c. Use photographs, maps, and drawings to describe geographic characteristics
  d. Identify and locate natural/physical features and human-made features of the United States
d. Compare geographic locations and geographic characteristics of colonial settlements, such as, Jamestown, Plymouth, Boston, Philadelphia, Charleston, and New York City
B. Geographic Characteristics of Places and Regions B. Geographic Characteristics of Places and Regions B. Geographic Characteristics of Places and Regions
1. Compare places and regions around the world using geographic characteristics
1. Describe similarities and differences of regions by using geographic characteristics
1. Examine the similarities and differences of regions in Colonial America
a. Compare places and regions using geographic features
a. Compare physical characteristics of different places and regions of Maryland and the United States including natural/physical features, weather and climate, soil, vegetation, minerals and animal life
a. Compare the natural/physical and human characteristics of the three colonial regions
  • New England
  • Middle
  • Southern
b. Identify natural/physical and human-made features of places and regions
b. Compare human characteristics of different places and regions of Maryland the United States, including human-made features, language, religions, political systems, economic activity, and population distribution
b. Describe how geographic characteristics of a place or region changed from early settlements through the colonial period
c. Describe population distribution of places and regions such as rural and urban
c. Describe how geographic characteristics of a place or region change over time and affect the way people live and work
c. Explain how geographic characteristics affect how people live and work, and the population distribution of a place or region
d. Describe how geographic characteristics of places and regions change over time and influence the way people live and work
   
C. Movement of People, Goods and Ideas C. Movement of People, Goods and Ideas C. Movement of People, Goods and Ideas
1. Describe how transportation and communication networks link places through the movement of people, goods, and ideas
1. Describe and analyze population growth, migration, and settlement patterns in Maryland and regions of the United States
1. Describe and analyze population growth, migration and settlement patterns in Colonial America
a. Explain how transportation and communication networks connect places, people, and ideas
a. Explain how geographic characteristics influenced settlement patterns in Maryland and the United States
a. Explain how geographic characteristics influenced settlement patterns in Colonial America
b. Identify reasons for the movement of people from one community or region to another
b. Explain how changes in transportation and communication led to the growth and development of towns and cities in Maryland and United States
b. Analyze the consequences of migration between the colonies and immigration to the colonies, such as Europeans and Africans immigrating to the east coast of the United States
  d. Describe the transportation and communication networks for the movement of people, goods, and ideas to, from and within Maryland such as Bay Bridge, National Road, B & O Railroad, the Port of Baltimore, and C & O Canal
c. Explain the importance of shipping and trading to the economic development of the colonies, such as Triangular Trade
  e. Identify the reasons for the movement of peoples to, from, and within Maryland and the United States
 
D. Modifying and Adapting to the Environment D. Modifying and Adapting to the Environment D. Modifying and Adapting to the Environment
1. Explain how people modify, protect and adapt to their environment
1. Describe how people adapt to, modify and impact the natural environment
1. Explain why and how people adapt to and modify the natural environment and the impact of those modifications
a. Describe how people in a community modify their environment to meet changing needs for transportation, shelter and making a living
a. Compare ways Native American societies in Maryland used the natural environment for food, clothing, and shelter
a. Compare ways Native American societies used the natural environment for food, clothing, and shelter
b. Describe why and how people make decisions about protecting the environment
b. Describe ways and reasons people in Maryland and the United States modify the natural environment and the consequences of modifications
b. Describe ways that colonists in the New England, Middle and Southern regions adapted to and modified the environment, such as the uses of the grist mill, water wheels and plantation farming
c. Compare ways that people adapt to the environment for food, clothing, and shelter
c. Explain how the growth of communities and suburbs have had consequences on the environment, loss of farmland, and pollution
c. Explain how colonists adapted to and modified their environments and how these modifications sometimes created environmental problems
  d. Describe how land use and urban growth are influenced by governmental decisions
 
 

 

MSDE has developed a toolkit for these standards which can be found online at: http://mdk12.org/instruction/curriculum/social_studies/vsc_toolkit.html.

 

Date: 1/27/2015