School Improvement in Maryland

Using the State Standards: Social Studies, Grade 8

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Geography:

Social Studies:

Standard 3.0 Geography

Students will use geographic concepts and processes to examine the role of culture, technology, and the environment in the location and distribution of human activities and spatial connections throughout time.

Topic

A. Using Geographic Tools

Indicator

  • 1. Use geographic tools to analyze geographic issues and problems prior to 1877
Objectives
  1. Use thematic maps to locate places and describe the human and physical characteristics, such as settlement patterns, migration, population density, transportation, and communication networks
  2. Explain interrelationships among physical and human characteristics that shaped the nation
  3. Analyze thematic maps to determine demographic and economic information about a region

Topic

B. Geographic Characteristics of Places and Regions

Indicator

  • 1. Analyze how geographic characteristics influenced the location and development of regions in the United States prior to 1877
Objectives
  1. Analyze how geographic characteristics influenced the location and development of economic activities, such as farming, lumbering, fur trading, whaling and the rise of industry in the early national period
  2. Describe how changes in transportation systems, such as roads, canals and railroads affected the expansion of trade and settlement
  3. Analyze how geographic characteristics stimulated regional growth, such as the purchase of the Louisiana Territory

Topic

C. Movement of People, Goods and Ideas

Indicator

  • 1. Analyze population growth, migration and settlement patterns in the United States prior to 1877
Objectives
  1. Explain why Americans migrated west, such as fertile soil, minerals, and economic opportunity, and the impact on that region
  2. Describe the effects of the influx of immigrants on the United States
  3. Explain how the regional demographic factors of constituents, such as race, ethnicity, education, occupation, and wealth affect public policy and voting issues

Topic

D. Modifying and Adapting to the Environment

Indicator

  • 1. Analyze why and how people in the United States modify their natural environment and the impact of those modifications
Objectives
  1. Analyze the trade offs of using resources to pursue economic opportunities v. preserving the environment, such as westward movement
  2. Explain the consequences of modifying the natural environment, such as soil erosion, loss of soil fertility and over-fishing
  3. Identify and explain land use issues that illustrate the conflict between economic growth and using the environment
  4. Analyze how land use was managed by the federal government such as the Land Ordinance of 1785 and the Northwest Ordinance of 1787

Date: 1/27/2015