School Improvement in Maryland

Using the State Standards: Social Studies, Grade 4

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Geography:

Social Studies:

Standard 3.0 Geography

Students will use geographic concepts and processes to examine the role of culture, technology, and the environment in the location and distribution of human activities and spatial connections throughout time.

Topic

A. Using Geographic Tools

Indicator

  • 1. Use geographic tools to locate places and describe the human and physical characteristics of those places
Objectives
  1. Construct and interpret a variety of maps using map elements
  2. Use photographs, maps, charts, graphs, and atlases to describe geographic characteristics of Maryland/United States
  3. Identify and locate natural/physical features and human-made features of Maryland such as Appalachian Mountains, Piedmont Plateau, and Atlantic Coastal Plain
  4. Identify and locate natural/physical features and human-made features of the United States

Topic

B. Geographic Characteristics of Places and Regions

Indicator

  • 1. Describe similarities and differences of regions by using geographic characteristics
Objectives
  1. Compare physical characteristics of different places and regions of Maryland and the United States including natural/physical features, weather and climate, soil, vegetation, minerals and animal life
  2. Compare human characteristics of different places and regions of Maryland the United States, including human-made features, language, religions, political systems, economic activity, and population distribution
  3. Describe how geographic characteristics of a place or region change over time and affect the way people live and work

Topic

C. Movement of People, Goods and Ideas

Indicator

  • 1. Describe and analyze population growth, migration, and settlement patterns in Maryland and regions of the United States
Objectives
  1. Explain how geographic characteristics influenced settlement patterns in Maryland and the United States
  2. Explain how changes in transportation and communication led to the growth and development of towns and cities in Maryland and United States
  3. Describe the transportation and communication networks for the movement of people, goods, and ideas to, from and within Maryland such as Bay Bridge, National Road, B & O Railroad, the Port of Baltimore, and C & O Canal
  4. Identify the reasons for the movement of peoples to, from, and within Maryland and the United States

Topic

D. Modifying and Adapting to the Environment

Indicator

  • 1. Describe how people adapt to, modify and impact the natural environment
Objectives
  1. Compare ways Native American societies in Maryland used the natural environment for food, clothing, and shelter
  2. Describe ways and reasons people in Maryland and the United States modify the natural environment and the consequences of modifications
  3. Explain how the growth of communities and suburbs have had consequences on the environment, loss of farmland, and pollution
  4. Describe how land use and urban growth are influenced by governmental decisions

Date: 1/27/2015