State Standards - Social Studies

Grade 2
Standard 3.0 Geography: Students will use geographic concepts and processes to understand location and its relationship to human activities.
A. Using Geographic Tools
1. Use geographic tools to locate and describe places on Earth
a. Identify the purpose and use of a globe and a variety of maps and atlases, such as school maps, neighborhood maps and simple atlases
b. Identify and use map elements, such as title, compass rose, simple grid system, legend/key, date, and author to interpret a map
c. Identify the equator, poles, seven continents, four oceans, and countries on a map and globe
d. Describe a place using bird's eye view, and satellite images, photographs, and pictures
B. Geographic Characteristics of Places and Regions
1. Classify places and regions in an environment using geographic characteristics
a. Identify natural/physical features and human-made features using maps and photographs
b. Describe and classify regions using climate, vegetation, animal life, and natural/physical features
c. Classify places as rural and urban
d. Describe how geographic characteristics determine choices, such as climate guides decisions about food, clothing, and shelter
C. Movement of People, Goods and Ideas
1. Explain how transportation and communication link places by the movement of people, goods, and ideas
a. Compare types of transportation used to move goods and people today and long ago
b. Compare ways people communicate ideas today and long ago
D. Modifying and Adapting to the Environment
1. Explain how people modify, protect, and adapt to their environment
a. Describe ways, such as clearing trees and farming land, that people modify their environment and the impact of those modifications
b. Describe how and why people protect or fail to protect the environment
c. Explain how people adapt to changes in the environment


MSDE has developed a toolkit for these standards which can be found online at:


Date: 1/27/2015