State Standard - Social Studies

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Grade 6 Grade 7 Grade 8
Standard 1.0 Political Science: Students will understand the historical development and current status of the fundamental concepts and processes of authority, power, and influence, with particular emphasis on democratic skills and attitudes necessary to become responsible citizens. Standard 1.0 Political Science: Students will understand the historical development and current status of the fundamental concepts and processes of authority, power, and influence, with particular emphasis on democratic skills and attitudes necessary to become responsible citizens. Standard 1.0 Political Science: Students will understand the historical development and current status of the fundamental concepts and processes of authority, power, and influence, with particular emphasis on democratic skills and attitudes necessary to become responsible citizens.
A. The Foundations and Function of Government A. The Foundations and Function of Government A. The Foundations and Function of Government
1. Examine the necessity and purpose of government in early world history
1. Analyze the characteristics and structure of various systems of government around the world
1. Investigate the evolution of the U.S. political system as expressed in the United States Constitution
a. Identify and compare forms of government and various distributions of power, such as those found in ancient civilizations, dynastic China, absolute and constitutional monarchies
a. Describe and compare the advantages and disadvantages of limited governments, such as representative democracy and parliamentary democracy
a. Compare the confederate form of government under the Articles of Confederation with the federal form under the Constitution
b. Summarize the positions taken on government by political philosophers from early civilizations through the Middle Ages
b. Compare the advantages and disadvantages of unlimited government, such as authoritarian and dictatorships
b. Explain and summarize the principles of federalism, popular sovereignty, rule of law, consent of the governed, separation of powers, checks and balances, majority rule, limited government and how they protect individual rights and impact the functioning of government
  c. Explain and demonstrate how nation-states interact with each other
c. Compare how the powers and functions of the three branches of government are divided and how they are shared to protect popular sovereignty
  d. Using multi-perspectives, describe and trace how past events assisted or impeded the development of nations, such as the founding of Israel, the break up of the Soviet Union
d. Explain and summarize how the supremacy of the national government was defined by events, such as Shay's Rebellion and early decisions of the Supreme Court, such as McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
    e. Evaluate the role and responsibility of a legislator in a representative democracy
    f. Analyze the impact of precedence in the office of the President, such as the establishment of a cabinet and foreign policy
    g. Summarize an individual's legal obligations to obey the law, pay taxes, serve on a jury and serve as a witness
2. Analyze the historic events, documents, and practices in early world history that are the foundations of political systems
2. Analyze the historic events, documents, and practices that are the foundations of political systems around the world
2. Analyze the impact of historic documents and practices that became the foundations of the American political system during the early national period
a. Examine and report on the roots of democratic principles in World History, such as Sumerian written law, Hammurabi's Code, Greek city-states, Roman Republicanism, and the British Constitution (Magna Carta, English Bill of Rights)
a. Examine and report examples of historic events, documents and practices that have influenced individuals and groups around the world, such as the UN Declaration of Rights, German reunification, the formation of NATO, and Apartheid
a. Evaluate the power and authority of the government on individuals
b. Examine the decline of feudalism and the emergence of monarchies
  b. Identify the principles in European historic documents and show their connections to the development of American political ideology such as Magna Carta and English Bill of Rights
    c. Explain how the philosophies of Hobbes, Locke and Montesquieu influenced the principles that shaped United States government
    d. Describe the significance of principles in the development of the Declaration of Independence, Articles of Confederation, Preamble, U.S. Constitution and the Bill of Rights
    e. Describe the major debates and compromises that occurred during the Constitutional Convention and interpret their effects on the ratification process
    f. Describe the development of political parties and their effects on elections and political life
    g. Evaluate the significance of the Civil War Amendments (13th, 14th and 15th) and how they protected individual rights
3. Analyze the roles of institutions and governments in early world history regarding public policy and issues
3. Analyze the roles of governments around the world regarding public policy and issues
3. Evaluate roles and policies of the United States government regarding public policy and issues
a. Describe the conflict between the church and the state in the formation and implementation of policy
a. Evaluate the effectiveness of the various policies of governments in addressing issues, such as health, poverty, crime, security, and environmental concerns
a. Examine the effect that national interests have on shaping government policy, such as the abolitionist movement and slavery, states' rights, and regional commerce
b. Analyze perspectives regarding issues in a feudal society, such as the church leaders v. lords of the manor, joining the Crusades, the growth of trade
b. Analyze the effects that different world issues have on shaping international responses, such as rainforest conservation, pollution, climate change, and energy sources (oil drilling, coal, nuclear)
b. Evaluate regional and international perspectives regarding the formation and implementation of public policy, such as Washington's Farewell Address, Monroe Doctrine, westward expansion, sectionalism, plantation holders in the South v. the industrialists in the North
B. Individual and Group Participation in the Political System B. Individual and Group Participation in the Political System B. Individual and Group Participation in the Political System
1. Analyze the methods used by individuals and groups to shape governmental policy and actions in early world history
1. Analyze the methods used by individuals and groups to shape governmental policy and actions
1. Analyze the influence of individuals and groups on shaping public policy
a. Compare methods used in early world history to change governments, such as coups, elections and revolts
a. Compare methods used to change governments, such as coups, elections and revolts
a. Analyze the influence of the media on political life
b. Examine the role of citizens in Greek city-states and the Roman Republic/Empire
b. Evaluate ways citizens use, monitor and influence the formation and implementation of public policy
b. Evaluate ways the citizens should use, monitor and influence the formation and implementation of public policy
c. Examine how religion shaped and influenced government policy
c. Describe how political parties and special interest groups influence and change government policy, such as third parties, and non-governmental organizations
c. Examine the roles and functions of political parties in the American system of government
  d. Analyze the role of media and public opinion in shaping government policy and action
d. Explain how the media, interest groups, and public opinion affected elected officials and government policy prior to the Civil War
2. Analyze the importance of civic participation as a citizen of early world history
2. Analyze the importance of civic participation as a citizen of the world
2. Defend the importance of civic participation as a citizen of the United States
a. Analyze the usefulness of various sources of information used to make political decisions
a. Analyze the relevancy of sources and perspectives of information such as internet sites and online newspapers
a. Evaluate ways people can participate in the political process including voting, analyzing the media, petitioning elected officials, and volunteering
b. Explain why common people did not have a voice in ancient civilizations
b. Analyze the concept of a global citizen and how the awareness and responsibilities have changed during the information age
b. Analyze the concept of citizenship and explain how the concept has changed from colonial times through Reconstruction
    c. Evaluate how various groups provide opportunities for individuals to participate in the political process
C. Protecting Rights and Maintaining Order C. Protecting Rights and Maintaining Order C. Protecting Rights and Maintaining Order
1. Analyze the individual rights and responsibilities in an ancient world civilization
1. Examine the rights and responsibilities of being a citizen of the world
1. Examine the impact of governmental decisions on individual rights and responsibilities in the United States
a. Describe the importance of citizenship in ancient Rome and Greece
a. Justify the responsibilities associated with certain human rights in a global society such as a commitment to world peace and the elimination of poverty.
a. Describe responsibilities associated with certain basic rights of citizens, such as freedom of speech, religion, and press, and explain why these responsibilities are important
b. Describe the significance of Hammurabi's Code and how it defined rights of citizens
b. Explain how international rules and laws protect individual rights and protect the common good, such as the U.N. Declaration of Human Rights, European Union membership, Geneva Conventions
b. Explain how rules and laws protect individual rights and protect the common good
    c. Explain the significance of the landmark U.S. Supreme Court case Marbury v. Madison which established judicial review
    d. Describe the expansion of the powers of the national government in the decision of the landmark U.S. Supreme Court case McCulloch v. Maryland
2. Evaluate how ancient governments around the world protected or failed to protect the rights of individuals and groups
2. Analyze how governments, organizations, and policies around the world protect or fail to protect the rights of individuals and groups
2. Explain how the United States government protected or failed to protect the rights of individuals and groups
a. Explain how the Roman Republic and the rule of the Senate affected individuals and groups
a. Analyze how the definition of the common good differs in limited and unlimited governments
a. Describe significance and effects of the Emancipation Proclamation
b. Compare power and authority of rulers in Ancient Egypt, India, Persia and China v. the protection of citizens in Greek city-states
b. Debate the need to balance between providing for the common good and how protecting individual rights differ in governments around the world
b. Describe methods that were used to deny civil rights to women, African Americans and Native Americans
c. Examine the balance between providing for the common good of the manor v. the rights of the individual serfs
c. Describe the role of international organizations and policies in maintaining order during a time of crisis, such as the International Red Cross/Red Crescent, the United Nations, the Geneva Conventions, and the World Health Organization
c. Examine the use of Presidential power in Lincoln's suspension of the writ of habeas corpus
3. Examine the principle of due process
    a. Identify how due process of law protects individuals
    b. Describe the due process protections in the Bill of Rights and the 14th Amendment
 

 

MSDE has developed a toolkit for these standards which can be found online at: http://mdk12.org/instruction/curriculum/social_studies/vsc_toolkit.html.

 

Date: 1/27/2015