State Standard - Social Studies

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Grade 4 Grade 5 Grade 6
Standard 1.0 Political Science: Students will understand the historical development and current status of the fundamental concepts and processes of authority, power, and influence, with particular emphasis on democratic skills and attitudes necessary to become responsible citizens. Standard 1.0 Political Science: Students will understand the historical development and current status of the fundamental concepts and processes of authority, power, and influence, with particular emphasis on democratic skills and attitudes necessary to become responsible citizens. Standard 1.0 Political Science: Students will understand the historical development and current status of the fundamental concepts and processes of authority, power, and influence, with particular emphasis on democratic skills and attitudes necessary to become responsible citizens.
A. The Foundations and Function of Government A. The Foundations and Function of Government A. The Foundations and Function of Government
1. Trace how the political structure in early Maryland developed and changed over time
1. Examine the early foundations, functions, and purposes of government
1. Examine the necessity and purpose of government in early world history
a. Describe how the colony of Maryland was established and governed including the establishment of rule of law and power with authority, such as Proprietorships, Royal Governor, and early General Assembly
a. Describe how the European policies affected the interactions of explorers and colonists with Native Americans, such as the French and Indian War
a. Identify and compare forms of government and various distributions of power, such as those found in ancient civilizations, dynastic China, absolute and constitutional monarchies
b. Explain the importance of the Office of the Governor and the Court of Appeals
b. Explain and clarify how Europe's philosophies and policies affected the political structure of the early American Colonies
b. Summarize the positions taken on government by political philosophers from early civilizations through the Middle Ages
c. Outline the structure and function of the Maryland General Assembly and the roles of state senators and delegates
c. Identify and summarize how democratic principles, such as rule of law, limited government, consent of the governed, popular sovereignty, representative democracy, and the limitation of power influenced our founding documents
 
  d. Trace the development of early democratic ideas and practices that emerged during the early colonial period, including the significance of representative assemblies and town meetings
 
2. Analyze the documents, and democratic ideas that developed in the Maryland Colony
2. Analyze the historic events, documents, and practices that are the foundations of our political systems
2. Analyze the historic events, documents, and practices in early world history that are the foundations of political systems
a. Analyze how colonial law influenced individuals in Maryland and other colonies, such as indentured servants contracts, Tolerance Acts of 1649, Maryland Charter of 1632
a. Explain and report on the early examples of self-government, such as the Mayflower Compact and the House of Burgesses
a. Examine and report on the roots of democratic principles in World History, such as Sumerian written law, Hammurabi's Code, Greek city-states, Roman Republicanism, and the British Constitution (Magna Carta, English Bill of Rights)
b. Describe how the Maryland State Constitution includes democratic principles and values
b. Analyze the successes and failures in meeting the challenges of governing under Articles of Confederation
b. Examine the decline of feudalism and the emergence of monarchies
  c. Explain the significance of principles in the development of the Declaration of Independence, Articles of Confederation, Preamble, U.S. Constitution and the Bill of Rights
 
  d. Describe the three branches of government and their individual powers and responsibilities, such as separation of powers and checks and balances
 
3. Analyze the role of Maryland government regarding public policy and issues
3. Analyze the roles of colonial government regarding public policy and issues
3. Analyze the roles of institutions and governments in early world history regarding public policy and issues
a. Analyze perspectives and policies in Maryland regarding historic and current public issues
a. Identify the effect that regional interests and perspectives had on shaping government policy, and compare such as middling class v. gentry, plantation owners v. proprietors
a. Describe the conflict between the church and the state in the formation and implementation of policy
b. Explain the effect that regional interests have on shaping government policy in and around Maryland, such as Chesapeake Bay issues, availability of land for mining, land use
b. Analyze how geographic information influenced the formation of policy, such as the Proclamation of 1763
b. Analyze perspectives regarding issues in a feudal society, such as the church leaders v. lords of the manor, joining the Crusades, the growth of trade
B. Individual and Group Participation in the Political System B. Individual and Group Participation in the Political System B. Individual and Group Participation in the Political System
1. Analyze how individuals and groups contributed to the political system in Maryland
1. Analyze how individuals' roles and perspectives shape the American political system
1. Analyze the methods used by individuals and groups to shape governmental policy and actions in early world history
a. Describe the contributions of 17th century English settlers who influenced the early political structure
a. Examine the contributions of people associated with the drafting of the Declaration of Independence and the framing of the Constitution, such as James Madison, Thomas Jefferson, John Jay, and George Washington
a. Compare methods used in early world history to change governments, such as coups, elections and revolts
b. Research the role of Marylanders who influenced the building of our new nation, such as the Sons of Liberty, William Paca, Charles Carroll, Thomas Stone, and Samuel Chase
b. Examine how the federalists and anti-federalist perspectives influenced government
b. Examine the role of citizens in Greek city-states and the Roman Republic/Empire
    c. Examine how religion shaped and influenced government policy
2. Defend the importance of civic participation as a citizen of Maryland
2. Analyze the importance of civic participation as a citizen of the United States
2. Analyze the importance of civic participation as a citizen of early world history
a. Identify various sources of information that are available to citizens to make political decisions
a. Analyze the usefulness of various sources of information used to make political decisions
a. Analyze the usefulness of various sources of information used to make political decisions
b. Analyze ways people can participate in the political process including voting, petitioning elected officials, and volunteering
b. Compare ways people can participate in the political process including voting, petitioning elected officials, and volunteering
b. Explain why common people did not have a voice in ancient civilizations
C. Protecting Rights and Maintaining Order C. Protecting Rights and Maintaining Order C. Protecting Rights and Maintaining Order
1. Describe rights and responsibilities of being a citizen in Maryland
1. Describe individual rights and responsibilities in the United States
1. Analyze the individual rights and responsibilities in an ancient world civilization
a. Describe responsibilities associated with certain basic rights of citizens, such as freedom of speech, religion, and press, and explain why these responsibilities are important
a. Describe responsibilities associated with certain basic rights of citizens, such as freedom of speech, religion, and press, and explain why these responsibilities are important
a. Describe the importance of citizenship in ancient Rome and Greece
b. Describe the role of Maryland state judiciary system
b. Describe the power and responsibility of the Supreme Court including the power of judicial review
b. Describe the significance of Hammurabi's Code and how it defined rights of citizens
2. Explain how Maryland government protects the rights of individuals and groups
2. Evaluate how the United States government protects the rights of individuals and groups
2. Evaluate how ancient governments around the world protected or failed to protect the rights of individuals and groups
a. Describe the rule of law and explain how it impacts individuals and groups
a. Explain the balance between providing for the common good and protecting individual rights
a. Explain how the Roman Republic and the rule of the Senate affected individuals and groups
b. Describe the balance between private life and government in providing order and protecting rights
b. Analyze how government needs to provide more protection and order during times of crisis, such as the natural disasters and threats to national security
b. Compare power and authority of rulers in Ancient Egypt, India, Persia and China v. the protection of citizens in Greek city-states
    c. Examine the balance between providing for the common good of the manor v. the rights of the individual serfs
3. Examine the principle of due process
  a. Describe the due process protections in the Bill of Rights
 
 

 

MSDE has developed a toolkit for these standards which can be found online at: http://mdk12.org/instruction/curriculum/social_studies/vsc_toolkit.html.

 

Date: 1/27/2015