State Standards - Social Studies

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Grade 3 Grade 4 Grade 5
Standard 1.0 Political Science: Students will understand the historical development and current status of the democratic principles and the development of skills and attitudes necessary to become responsible citizens. Standard 1.0 Political Science: Students will understand the historical development and current status of the fundamental concepts and processes of authority, power, and influence, with particular emphasis on democratic skills and attitudes necessary to become responsible citizens. Standard 1.0 Political Science: Students will understand the historical development and current status of the fundamental concepts and processes of authority, power, and influence, with particular emphasis on democratic skills and attitudes necessary to become responsible citizens.
A. The Foundations and Function of Government A. The Foundations and Function of Government A. The Foundations and Function of Government
1. Explain the role of individuals and groups in creating rules and laws to maintain order, protect citizens, and provide services
1. Trace how the political structure in early Maryland developed and changed over time
1. Examine the early foundations, functions, and purposes of government
a. Identify local government leaders, such as the mayor, county council members or commissioners, and county executive and explain their role in protecting citizens and maintaining order
a. Describe how the colony of Maryland was established and governed including the establishment of rule of law and power with authority, such as Proprietorships, Royal Governor, and early General Assembly
a. Describe how the European policies affected the interactions of explorers and colonists with Native Americans, such as the French and Indian War
b. Explain the consequences of violating rules and laws
b. Explain the importance of the Office of the Governor and the Court of Appeals
b. Explain and clarify how Europe's philosophies and policies affected the political structure of the early American Colonies
c. Describe the selection process and duties of local officials who make, apply, and enforce laws through government
c. Outline the structure and function of the Maryland General Assembly and the roles of state senators and delegates
c. Identify and summarize how democratic principles, such as rule of law, limited government, consent of the governed, popular sovereignty, representative democracy, and the limitation of power influenced our founding documents
    d. Trace the development of early democratic ideas and practices that emerged during the early colonial period, including the significance of representative assemblies and town meetings
2. Explain how certain practices are connected with the democratic principles (skills, attitudes, and dispositions) of being a citizen
2. Analyze the documents, and democratic ideas that developed in the Maryland Colony
2. Analyze the historic events, documents, and practices that are the foundations of our political systems
a. Identify and explain democratic principles, such as individual rights and responsibilities, patriotism, common good, justice and equality
a. Analyze how colonial law influenced individuals in Maryland and other colonies, such as indentured servants contracts, Tolerance Acts of 1649, Maryland Charter of 1632
a. Explain and report on the early examples of self-government, such as the Mayflower Compact and the House of Burgesses
b. Describe practices such as voting, following rules, volunteering, and recognizing national holidays associated with democratic principles
b. Describe how the Maryland State Constitution includes democratic principles and values
b. Analyze the successes and failures in meeting the challenges of governing under Articles of Confederation
    c. Explain the significance of principles in the development of the Declaration of Independence, Articles of Confederation, Preamble, U.S. Constitution and the Bill of Rights
    d. Describe the three branches of government and their individual powers and responsibilities, such as separation of powers and checks and balances
3. Analyze the role of Maryland government regarding public policy and issues
3. Analyze the roles of colonial government regarding public policy and issues
  a. Analyze perspectives and policies in Maryland regarding historic and current public issues
a. Identify the effect that regional interests and perspectives had on shaping government policy, and compare such as middling class v. gentry, plantation owners v. proprietors
  b. Explain the effect that regional interests have on shaping government policy in and around Maryland, such as Chesapeake Bay issues, availability of land for mining, land use
b. Analyze how geographic information influenced the formation of policy, such as the Proclamation of 1763
B. Individual and Group Participation in the Political System B. Individual and Group Participation in the Political System B. Individual and Group Participation in the Political System
1. Explain how people and events have contributed to the American political system
1. Analyze how individuals and groups contributed to the political system in Maryland
1. Analyze how individuals' roles and perspectives shape the American political system
a. Describe the contributions of local government leaders such as county executives, county council, mayor and city council
a. Describe the contributions of 17th century English settlers who influenced the early political structure
a. Examine the contributions of people associated with the drafting of the Declaration of Independence and the framing of the Constitution, such as James Madison, Thomas Jefferson, John Jay, and George Washington
b. Describe the contributions of people who contributed to the common good of society
b. Research the role of Marylanders who influenced the building of our new nation, such as the Sons of Liberty, William Paca, Charles Carroll, Thomas Stone, and Samuel Chase
b. Examine how the federalists and anti-federalist perspectives influenced government
2. Analyze the role of individual and group participation in creating a supportive community
2. Defend the importance of civic participation as a citizen of Maryland
2. Analyze the importance of civic participation as a citizen of the United States
a. Explain the decision making process used to accomplish a community goal or solve a community problem
a. Identify various sources of information that are available to citizens to make political decisions
a. Analyze the usefulness of various sources of information used to make political decisions
b. Explain the roles and responsibilities of effective citizens in a political process
b. Analyze ways people can participate in the political process including voting, petitioning elected officials, and volunteering
b. Compare ways people can participate in the political process including voting, petitioning elected officials, and volunteering
c. Describe the actions of people who have made a positive difference in their community, such as community and civic leaders, and organizations
   
C. Protecting Rights and Maintaining Order C. Protecting Rights and Maintaining Order C. Protecting Rights and Maintaining Order
1. Explain the rights and responsibilities of being a member of the school and the community
1. Describe rights and responsibilities of being a citizen in Maryland
1. Describe individual rights and responsibilities in the United States
a. Describe the responsibilities of being an effective citizen, such as cleaning up your neighborhood, being informed, obeying rules and laws, participating in class decisions, and volunteering
a. Describe responsibilities associated with certain basic rights of citizens, such as freedom of speech, religion, and press, and explain why these responsibilities are important
a. Describe responsibilities associated with certain basic rights of citizens, such as freedom of speech, religion, and press, and explain why these responsibilities are important
  b. Describe the role of Maryland state judiciary system
b. Describe the power and responsibility of the Supreme Court including the power of judicial review
2. Explain how Maryland government protects the rights of individuals and groups
2. Evaluate how the United States government protects the rights of individuals and groups
  a. Describe the rule of law and explain how it impacts individuals and groups
a. Explain the balance between providing for the common good and protecting individual rights
  b. Describe the balance between private life and government in providing order and protecting rights
b. Analyze how government needs to provide more protection and order during times of crisis, such as the natural disasters and threats to national security
3. Examine the principle of due process
    a. Describe the due process protections in the Bill of Rights
 

 

MSDE has developed a toolkit for these standards which can be found online at: http://mdk12.org/instruction/curriculum/social_studies/vsc_toolkit.html.

 

Date: 1/27/2015