School Improvement in Maryland

Using the State Standards: Social Studies, Grade 6

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CIVICS:

Social Studies:

Standard 1.0 Civics

Students will understand the historical development and current status of the fundamental concepts and processes of authority, power, and influence, with particular emphasis on democratic skills and attitudes necessary to become responsible citizens.

Topic

A. The Foundations and Function of Government

Indicator

  • 1. Examine the necessity and purpose of government in early world history
Objectives
  1. Identify and compare forms of government and various distributions of power, such as those found in ancient civilizations, dynastic China, absolute and constitutional monarchies
  2. Summarize the positions taken on government by political philosophers from early civilizations through the Middle Ages

Indicator

  • 2. Analyze the historic events, documents, and practices in early world history that are the foundations of political systems
Objectives
  1. Examine and report on the roots of democratic principles in World History, such as Sumerian written law, Hammurabi's Code, Greek city-states, Roman Republicanism, and the British Constitution (Magna Carta, English Bill of Rights)
  2. Examine the decline of feudalism and the emergence of monarchies

Indicator

  • 3. Analyze the roles of institutions and governments in early world history regarding public policy and issues
Objectives
  1. Describe the conflict between the church and the state in the formation and implementation of policy
  2. Analyze perspectives regarding issues in a feudal society, such as the church leaders v. lords of the manor, joining the Crusades, the growth of trade

Topic

B. Individual and Group Participation in the Political System

Indicator

  • 1. Analyze the methods used by individuals and groups to shape governmental policy and actions in early world history
Objectives
  1. Compare methods used in early world history to change governments, such as coups, elections and revolts
  2. Examine the role of citizens in Greek city-states and the Roman Republic/Empire
  3. Examine how religion shaped and influenced government policy

Indicator

  • 2. Analyze the importance of civic participation as a citizen of early world history
Objectives
  1. Analyze the usefulness of various sources of information used to make political decisions
  2. Explain why common people did not have a voice in ancient civilizations

Topic

C. Protecting Rights and Maintaining Order

Indicator

  • 1. Analyze the individual rights and responsibilities in an ancient world civilization
Objectives
  1. Describe the importance of citizenship in ancient Rome and Greece
  2. Describe the significance of Hammurabi's Code and how it defined rights of citizens

Indicator

  • 2. Evaluate how ancient governments around the world protected or failed to protect the rights of individuals and groups
Objectives
  1. Explain how the Roman Republic and the rule of the Senate affected individuals and groups
  2. Compare power and authority of rulers in Ancient Egypt, India, Persia and China v. the protection of citizens in Greek city-states
  3. Examine the balance between providing for the common good of the manor v. the rights of the individual serfs

Date: 6/20/2006