School Improvement in Maryland

Using the State Standards: Social Studies, Grade 5

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CIVICS:

Social Studies:

Standard 1.0 Civics

Students will understand the historical development and current status of the fundamental concepts and processes of authority, power, and influence, with particular emphasis on democratic skills and attitudes necessary to become responsible citizens.

Topic

A. The Foundations and Function of Government

Indicator

  • 1. Examine the early foundations, functions, and purposes of government
Objectives
  1. Describe how the European policies affected the interactions of explorers and colonists with Native Americans, such as the French and Indian War
  2. Explain and clarify how Europe's philosophies and policies affected the political structure of the early American Colonies
  3. Identify and summarize how democratic principles, such as rule of law, limited government, consent of the governed, popular sovereignty, representative democracy, and the limitation of power influenced our founding documents
  4. Trace the development of early democratic ideas and practices that emerged during the early colonial period, including the significance of representative assemblies and town meetings

Indicator

  • 2. Analyze the historic events, documents, and practices that are the foundations of our political systems
Objectives
  1. Explain and report on the early examples of self-government, such as the Mayflower Compact and the House of Burgesses
  2. Analyze the successes and failures in meeting the challenges of governing under Articles of Confederation
  3. Explain the significance of principles in the development of the Declaration of Independence, Articles of Confederation, Preamble, U.S. Constitution and the Bill of Rights
  4. Describe the three branches of government and their individual powers and responsibilities, such as separation of powers and checks and balances

Indicator

  • 3. Analyze the roles of colonial government regarding public policy and issues
Objectives
  1. Identify the effect that regional interests and perspectives had on shaping government policy, and compare such as middling class v. gentry, plantation owners v. proprietors
  2. Analyze how geographic information influenced the formation of policy, such as the Proclamation of 1763

Topic

B. Individual and Group Participation in the Political System

Indicator

  • 1. Analyze how individuals' roles and perspectives shape the American political system
Objectives
  1. Examine the contributions of people associated with the drafting of the Declaration of Independence and the framing of the Constitution, such as James Madison, Thomas Jefferson, John Jay, and George Washington
  2. Examine how the federalists and anti-federalist perspectives influenced government

Indicator

  • 2. Analyze the importance of civic participation as a citizen of the United States
Objectives
  1. Analyze the usefulness of various sources of information used to make political decisions
  2. Compare ways people can participate in the political process including voting, petitioning elected officials, and volunteering

Topic

C. Protecting Rights and Maintaining Order

Indicator

  • 1. Describe individual rights and responsibilities in the United States
Objectives
  1. Describe responsibilities associated with certain basic rights of citizens, such as freedom of speech, religion, and press, and explain why these responsibilities are important
  2. Describe the power and responsibility of the Supreme Court including the power of judicial review

Indicator

  • 2. Evaluate how the United States government protects the rights of individuals and groups
Objectives
  1. Explain the balance between providing for the common good and protecting individual rights
  2. Analyze how government needs to provide more protection and order during times of crisis, such as the natural disasters and threats to national security

Indicator

  • 3. Examine the principle of due process
Objective
  1. Describe the due process protections in the Bill of Rights

Date: 6/20/2006