State Standards - Social Studies

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Standard 1.0 Political Science: Students will understand the historical development and current status of the democratic principles and the development of skills and attitudes necessary to become responsible citizens. Standard 1.0 Political Science: Students will understand the historical development and current status of the democratic principles and the development of skills and attitudes necessary to become responsible citizens. Standard 1.0 Political Science: Students will understand the historical development and current status of the democratic principles and the development of skills and attitudes necessary to become responsible citizens. Standard 1.0 Political Science: Students will understand the historical development and current status of the democratic principles and the development of skills and attitudes necessary to become responsible citizens. Standard 1.0 Political Science: Students will understand the historical development and current status of the democratic principles and the development of skills and attitudes necessary to become responsible citizens. Standard 1.0 Political Science: Students will understand the historical development and current status of the fundamental concepts and processes of authority, power, and influence, with particular emphasis on democratic skills and attitudes necessary to become responsible citizens. Standard 1.0 Political Science: Students will understand the historical development and current status of the fundamental concepts and processes of authority, power, and influence, with particular emphasis on democratic skills and attitudes necessary to become responsible citizens. Standard 1.0 Political Science: Students will understand the historical development and current status of the fundamental concepts and processes of authority, power, and influence, with particular emphasis on democratic skills and attitudes necessary to become responsible citizens. Standard 1.0 Political Science: Students will understand the historical development and current status of the fundamental concepts and processes of authority, power, and influence, with particular emphasis on democratic skills and attitudes necessary to become responsible citizens. Standard 1.0 Political Science: Students will understand the historical development and current status of the fundamental concepts and processes of authority, power, and influence, with particular emphasis on democratic skills and attitudes necessary to become responsible citizens.
A. The Foundations and Function of Government A. The Foundations and Function of Government A. The Foundations and Function of Government A. The Foundations and Function of Government A. The Foundations and Function of Government A. The Foundations and Function of Government A. The Foundations and Function of Government A. The Foundations and Function of Government A. The Foundations and Function of Government A. The Foundations and Function of Government
1. Identify the importance of rules
1. Identify the importance of rules
1. Explain the importance of rules
1. Explain how rules and laws are made and necessary to maintain order and protect citizens
1. Explain the role of individuals and groups in creating rules and laws to maintain order, protect citizens, and provide services
1. Trace how the political structure in early Maryland developed and changed over time
1. Examine the early foundations, functions, and purposes of government
1. Examine the necessity and purpose of government in early world history
1. Analyze the characteristics and structure of various systems of government around the world
1. Investigate the evolution of the U.S. political system as expressed in the United States Constitution
a. Recognize why people have rules at home and at school
a. Identify reasons for classroom and school rules, such as maintaining order and keeping the community safe
a. Explain how rules promote fairness, responsibility, and privacy in the school and community
a. Explain how school and community rules promote orderliness, fairness, responsibility, privacy, and safety
a. Identify local government leaders, such as the mayor, county council members or commissioners, and county executive and explain their role in protecting citizens and maintaining order
a. Describe how the colony of Maryland was established and governed including the establishment of rule of law and power with authority, such as Proprietorships, Royal Governor, and early General Assembly
a. Describe how the European policies affected the interactions of explorers and colonists with Native Americans, such as the French and Indian War
a. Identify and compare forms of government and various distributions of power, such as those found in ancient civilizations, dynastic China, absolute and constitutional monarchies
a. Describe and compare the advantages and disadvantages of limited governments, such as representative democracy and parliamentary democracy
a. Compare the confederate form of government under the Articles of Confederation with the federal form under the Constitution
b. Generate and follow classroom rules, such as taking turns, walking inside, and forming a line that promote order and safety in the classroom
b. Recognize rules help promote fairness, responsible behavior, and privacy
b. Identify leadership positions in the school and community and recognize their authority in keeping students safe, following rules, and maintaining order
b. Identify leadership positions and organizations in the community and explain how they can be helpful in maintaining safety and order
b. Explain the consequences of violating rules and laws
b. Explain the importance of the Office of the Governor and the Court of Appeals
b. Explain and clarify how Europe's philosophies and policies affected the political structure of the early American Colonies
b. Summarize the positions taken on government by political philosophers from early civilizations through the Middle Ages
b. Compare the advantages and disadvantages of unlimited government, such as authoritarian and dictatorships
b. Explain and summarize the principles of federalism, popular sovereignty, rule of law, consent of the governed, separation of powers, checks and balances, majority rule, limited government and how they protect individual rights and impact the functioning of government
        c. Describe the selection process and duties of local officials who make, apply, and enforce laws through government
c. Outline the structure and function of the Maryland General Assembly and the roles of state senators and delegates
c. Identify and summarize how democratic principles, such as rule of law, limited government, consent of the governed, popular sovereignty, representative democracy, and the limitation of power influenced our founding documents
  c. Explain and demonstrate how nation-states interact with each other
c. Compare how the powers and functions of the three branches of government are divided and how they are shared to protect popular sovereignty
            d. Trace the development of early democratic ideas and practices that emerged during the early colonial period, including the significance of representative assemblies and town meetings
  d. Using multi-perspectives, describe and trace how past events assisted or impeded the development of nations, such as the founding of Israel, the break up of the Soviet Union
d. Explain and summarize how the supremacy of the national government was defined by events, such as Shay's Rebellion and early decisions of the Supreme Court, such as McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
                  e. Evaluate the role and responsibility of a legislator in a representative democracy
                  f. Analyze the impact of precedence in the office of the President, such as the establishment of a cabinet and foreign policy
                  g. Summarize an individual's legal obligations to obey the law, pay taxes, serve on a jury and serve as a witness
2. Identify symbols and practices associated with the United States of America
2. Identify symbols and practices associated with the United States of America
2. Identify and discuss the meaning of symbols and practices associated with the United States of America
2. Explain how democratic skills and attitudes are associated with being a responsible citizen
2. Explain how certain practices are connected with the democratic principles (skills, attitudes, and dispositions) of being a citizen
2. Analyze the documents, and democratic ideas that developed in the Maryland Colony
2. Analyze the historic events, documents, and practices that are the foundations of our political systems
2. Analyze the historic events, documents, and practices in early world history that are the foundations of political systems
2. Analyze the historic events, documents, and practices that are the foundations of political systems around the world
2. Analyze the impact of historic documents and practices that became the foundations of the American political system during the early national period
a. Recognize symbols, such as the American flag
a. Identify common symbols, such as the American Flag, and Statue of Liberty
a. Identify and discuss the meaning of common symbols associated with the United States of America, such as bald eagle, White House, and the Statue of Liberty
a. Use appropriate informational text to develop an understanding of democratic skills and attitudes, such as rights and responsibilities, respect, fairness, honesty, loyalty, and courage
a. Identify and explain democratic principles, such as individual rights and responsibilities, patriotism, common good, justice and equality
a. Analyze how colonial law influenced individuals in Maryland and other colonies, such as indentured servants contracts, Tolerance Acts of 1649, Maryland Charter of 1632
a. Explain and report on the early examples of self-government, such as the Mayflower Compact and the House of Burgesses
a. Examine and report on the roots of democratic principles in World History, such as Sumerian written law, Hammurabi's Code, Greek city-states, Roman Republicanism, and the British Constitution (Magna Carta, English Bill of Rights)
a. Examine and report examples of historic events, documents and practices that have influenced individuals and groups around the world, such as the UN Declaration of Rights, German reunification, the formation of NATO, and Apartheid
a. Evaluate the power and authority of the government on individuals
b. Recognize that the Pledge of Allegiance is a practice that happens in school
b. Recognize that saying the Pledge of Allegiance and singing "The Star-Spangled Banner" are practices associated with being a citizen
b. Describe how actions, such as pledging allegiance to the American flag and singing "The Star-Spangled Banner" and "America" are associated with being a citizen
b. Connect certain people, symbols, songs and poems to the ideals they represent, such as George Washington portrays leadership, the American flag represents loyalty and respect, and the Star Spangled Banner represents courage and freedom
b. Describe practices such as voting, following rules, volunteering, and recognizing national holidays associated with democratic principles
b. Describe how the Maryland State Constitution includes democratic principles and values
b. Analyze the successes and failures in meeting the challenges of governing under Articles of Confederation
b. Examine the decline of feudalism and the emergence of monarchies
  b. Identify the principles in European historic documents and show their connections to the development of American political ideology such as Magna Carta and English Bill of Rights
            c. Explain the significance of principles in the development of the Declaration of Independence, Articles of Confederation, Preamble, U.S. Constitution and the Bill of Rights
    c. Explain how the philosophies of Hobbes, Locke and Montesquieu influenced the principles that shaped United States government
            d. Describe the three branches of government and their individual powers and responsibilities, such as separation of powers and checks and balances
    d. Describe the significance of principles in the development of the Declaration of Independence, Articles of Confederation, Preamble, U.S. Constitution and the Bill of Rights
                  e. Describe the major debates and compromises that occurred during the Constitutional Convention and interpret their effects on the ratification process
                  f. Describe the development of political parties and their effects on elections and political life
                  g. Evaluate the significance of the Civil War Amendments (13th, 14th and 15th) and how they protected individual rights
3. Analyze the role of Maryland government regarding public policy and issues
3. Analyze the roles of colonial government regarding public policy and issues
3. Analyze the roles of institutions and governments in early world history regarding public policy and issues
3. Analyze the roles of governments around the world regarding public policy and issues
3. Evaluate roles and policies of the United States government regarding public policy and issues
          a. Analyze perspectives and policies in Maryland regarding historic and current public issues
a. Identify the effect that regional interests and perspectives had on shaping government policy, and compare such as middling class v. gentry, plantation owners v. proprietors
a. Describe the conflict between the church and the state in the formation and implementation of policy
a. Evaluate the effectiveness of the various policies of governments in addressing issues, such as health, poverty, crime, security, and environmental concerns
a. Examine the effect that national interests have on shaping government policy, such as the abolitionist movement and slavery, states' rights, and regional commerce
          b. Explain the effect that regional interests have on shaping government policy in and around Maryland, such as Chesapeake Bay issues, availability of land for mining, land use
b. Analyze how geographic information influenced the formation of policy, such as the Proclamation of 1763
b. Analyze perspectives regarding issues in a feudal society, such as the church leaders v. lords of the manor, joining the Crusades, the growth of trade
b. Analyze the effects that different world issues have on shaping international responses, such as rainforest conservation, pollution, climate change, and energy sources (oil drilling, coal, nuclear)
b. Evaluate regional and international perspectives regarding the formation and implementation of public policy, such as Washington's Farewell Address, Monroe Doctrine, westward expansion, sectionalism, plantation holders in the South v. the industrialists in the North
B. Individual and Group Participation in the Political System B. Individual and Group Participation in the Political System B. Individual and Group Participation in the Political System B. Individual and Group Participation in the Political System B. Individual and Group Participation in the Political System B. Individual and Group Participation in the Political System B. Individual and Group Participation in the Political System B. Individual and Group Participation in the Political System B. Individual and Group Participation in the Political System B. Individual and Group Participation in the Political System
1. Recognize people important to the American political system
1. Identify people important to the American political system
1. Identify and describe people important to the American political system
1. Explain how contributions and events are important to the American political system
1. Explain how people and events have contributed to the American political system
1. Analyze how individuals and groups contributed to the political system in Maryland
1. Analyze how individuals' roles and perspectives shape the American political system
1. Analyze the methods used by individuals and groups to shape governmental policy and actions in early world history
1. Analyze the methods used by individuals and groups to shape governmental policy and actions
1. Analyze the influence of individuals and groups on shaping public policy
a. Respond to informational text read aloud to develop an awareness of the contributions made by certain individuals that are remembered during the observance of national holidays and celebrations
a. Identify the contributions of people, past and present, such as George Washington, Rosa Parks, and the current president
a. Describe the contributions of people, past and present, such as George Washington, Abraham Lincoln, Martin Luther King, Jr. and the current president
a. Describe the contributions of local government leaders and current leaders of their school and community, such as county executives, county council or mayor, and city council
a. Describe the contributions of local government leaders such as county executives, county council, mayor and city council
a. Describe the contributions of 17th century English settlers who influenced the early political structure
a. Examine the contributions of people associated with the drafting of the Declaration of Independence and the framing of the Constitution, such as James Madison, Thomas Jefferson, John Jay, and George Washington
a. Compare methods used in early world history to change governments, such as coups, elections and revolts
a. Compare methods used to change governments, such as coups, elections and revolts
a. Analyze the influence of the media on political life
  b. Use informational text to identify and discuss the contributions of individuals recognized on national holidays, such as Martin Luther King, Jr. Day and Presidents' Day
b. Explain how contributions of people may be recognized with holidays and celebrations, such as Presidents' Day and Veterans' Day
b. Explain how contributions of people recognized in holidays, such as Memorial Day and Constitution Day, represent democratic beliefs and attitudes, that include rights and responsibilities, loyalty, respect, and courage
b. Describe the contributions of people who contributed to the common good of society
b. Research the role of Marylanders who influenced the building of our new nation, such as the Sons of Liberty, William Paca, Charles Carroll, Thomas Stone, and Samuel Chase
b. Examine how the federalists and anti-federalist perspectives influenced government
b. Examine the role of citizens in Greek city-states and the Roman Republic/Empire
b. Evaluate ways citizens use, monitor and influence the formation and implementation of public policy
b. Evaluate ways the citizens should use, monitor and influence the formation and implementation of public policy
              c. Examine how religion shaped and influenced government policy
c. Describe how political parties and special interest groups influence and change government policy, such as third parties, and non-governmental organizations
c. Examine the roles and functions of political parties in the American system of government
                d. Analyze the role of media and public opinion in shaping government policy and action
d. Explain how the media, interest groups, and public opinion affected elected officials and government policy prior to the Civil War
2. Analyze the role of individual and group participation in creating a supportive community
2. Defend the importance of civic participation as a citizen of Maryland
2. Analyze the importance of civic participation as a citizen of the United States
2. Analyze the importance of civic participation as a citizen of early world history
2. Analyze the importance of civic participation as a citizen of the world
2. Defend the importance of civic participation as a citizen of the United States
        a. Explain the decision making process used to accomplish a community goal or solve a community problem
a. Identify various sources of information that are available to citizens to make political decisions
a. Analyze the usefulness of various sources of information used to make political decisions
a. Analyze the usefulness of various sources of information used to make political decisions
a. Analyze the relevancy of sources and perspectives of information such as internet sites and online newspapers
a. Evaluate ways people can participate in the political process including voting, analyzing the media, petitioning elected officials, and volunteering
        b. Explain the roles and responsibilities of effective citizens in a political process
b. Analyze ways people can participate in the political process including voting, petitioning elected officials, and volunteering
b. Compare ways people can participate in the political process including voting, petitioning elected officials, and volunteering
b. Explain why common people did not have a voice in ancient civilizations
b. Analyze the concept of a global citizen and how the awareness and responsibilities have changed during the information age
b. Analyze the concept of citizenship and explain how the concept has changed from colonial times through Reconstruction
        c. Describe the actions of people who have made a positive difference in their community, such as community and civic leaders, and organizations
        c. Evaluate how various groups provide opportunities for individuals to participate in the political process
C. Protecting Rights and Maintaining Order C. Protecting Rights and Maintaining Order C. Protecting Rights and Maintaining Order C. Protecting Rights and Maintaining Order C. Protecting Rights and Maintaining Order C. Protecting Rights and Maintaining Order C. Protecting Rights and Maintaining Order C. Protecting Rights and Maintaining Order C. Protecting Rights and Maintaining Order C. Protecting Rights and Maintaining Order
1. Identify the roles, rights, and responsibilities of being a member of the family and school
1. Describe the roles, rights, and responsibilities of being a member of the family and school
1. Describe the rights and responsibilities of being a participating member of the family, school and neighborhood
1. Describe the rights and responsibilities of being a participating member of the school and the community
1. Explain the rights and responsibilities of being a member of the school and the community
1. Describe rights and responsibilities of being a citizen in Maryland
1. Describe individual rights and responsibilities in the United States
1. Analyze the individual rights and responsibilities in an ancient world civilization
1. Examine the rights and responsibilities of being a citizen of the world
1. Examine the impact of governmental decisions on individual rights and responsibilities in the United States
a. Identify roles of family members
a. Describe the roles, rights, and responsibilities of family members
a. Identify the rights, responsibilities and choices that students have in the family, school, and neighborhood
a. Recognize and describe how making choices affects self, family, school, and community
a. Describe the responsibilities of being an effective citizen, such as cleaning up your neighborhood, being informed, obeying rules and laws, participating in class decisions, and volunteering
a. Describe responsibilities associated with certain basic rights of citizens, such as freedom of speech, religion, and press, and explain why these responsibilities are important
a. Describe responsibilities associated with certain basic rights of citizens, such as freedom of speech, religion, and press, and explain why these responsibilities are important
a. Describe the importance of citizenship in ancient Rome and Greece
a. Justify the responsibilities associated with certain human rights in a global society such as a commitment to world peace and the elimination of poverty.
a. Describe responsibilities associated with certain basic rights of citizens, such as freedom of speech, religion, and press, and explain why these responsibilities are important
b. Identify the roles of members of the school, such as principal, teacher, and nurse
b. Describe the roles of members of the school, such as principal, crossing guard, bus drivers, and teachers
b. Demonstrate ways to work together to maintain a clean and safe home, school, and neighborhood environment
b. Identify concerns in the community, such as safety issues and pollution problems and ways to resolve these concerns
  b. Describe the role of Maryland state judiciary system
b. Describe the power and responsibility of the Supreme Court including the power of judicial review
b. Describe the significance of Hammurabi's Code and how it defined rights of citizens
b. Explain how international rules and laws protect individual rights and protect the common good, such as the U.N. Declaration of Human Rights, European Union membership, Geneva Conventions
b. Explain how rules and laws protect individual rights and protect the common good
c. Identify and discuss rights, responsibilities and choices in the classroom and family
c. Identify and describe rights, and responsibilities in the classroom and family
              c. Explain the significance of the landmark U.S. Supreme Court case Marbury v. Madison which established judicial review
                  d. Describe the expansion of the powers of the national government in the decision of the landmark U.S. Supreme Court case McCulloch v. Maryland
2. Explain how Maryland government protects the rights of individuals and groups
2. Evaluate how the United States government protects the rights of individuals and groups
2. Evaluate how ancient governments around the world protected or failed to protect the rights of individuals and groups
2. Analyze how governments, organizations, and policies around the world protect or fail to protect the rights of individuals and groups
2. Explain how the United States government protected or failed to protect the rights of individuals and groups
          a. Describe the rule of law and explain how it impacts individuals and groups
a. Explain the balance between providing for the common good and protecting individual rights
a. Explain how the Roman Republic and the rule of the Senate affected individuals and groups
a. Analyze how the definition of the common good differs in limited and unlimited governments
a. Describe significance and effects of the Emancipation Proclamation
          b. Describe the balance between private life and government in providing order and protecting rights
b. Analyze how government needs to provide more protection and order during times of crisis, such as the natural disasters and threats to national security
b. Compare power and authority of rulers in Ancient Egypt, India, Persia and China v. the protection of citizens in Greek city-states
b. Debate the need to balance between providing for the common good and how protecting individual rights differ in governments around the world
b. Describe methods that were used to deny civil rights to women, African Americans and Native Americans
              c. Examine the balance between providing for the common good of the manor v. the rights of the individual serfs
c. Describe the role of international organizations and policies in maintaining order during a time of crisis, such as the International Red Cross/Red Crescent, the United Nations, the Geneva Conventions, and the World Health Organization
c. Examine the use of Presidential power in Lincoln's suspension of the writ of habeas corpus
3. Examine the principle of due process
3. Examine the principle of due process
            a. Describe the due process protections in the Bill of Rights
    a. Identify how due process of law protects individuals
                  b. Describe the due process protections in the Bill of Rights and the 14th Amendment
 

 

MSDE has developed a toolkit for these standards which can be found online at: http://mdk12.org/instruction/curriculum/social_studies/vsc_toolkit.html.

 

Date: 1/27/2015