School Improvement in Maryland

Using the State Curriculum: Science, Grade K

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Physics:

Science:

State Curriculum Toolkit

Tools aligned to State Curriculum indicators and/or objectives.

  • Introduction for Standard or Indicator

Standard 5.0 Physics

Students will use scientific skills and processes to explain the interactions of matter and energy and the energy transformations that occur

Topic

A. Mechanics

Indicator

  • 1. Compare the different ways objects move.
Objective
  1. Given many different objects, make them move and describe and compare how they move.
    • Straight
    • Round and round
    • Back and forth
    • Zig-Zag

Indicator

  • 2. Explain that there must be a cause for changes in the motion of an object
Objectives
  1. Observe and describe the ways in which a variety of objects' motion can be changed.
    • Sped up from a standstill
    • Slow down to a stop
    • Go faster
    • Go slower
    • No change
    • Change direction
  2. Based on observations, identify what caused the changes in an object's motion.
    • Push
    • Pull

Topic

B. Thermodynamics

Indicator

  • 1. Describe that sunlight warms the land, air, and water using observations and age appropriate tools.
Objective
  1. Recognize and describe temperature changes of the land, air, and water before and after the sun warms them using senses and thermometers.

Topic

Indicator

  • 3. Observe and gather information from the explorations to describe how magnets affect some objects.
Objectives
  1. Observe and describe what happens when magnets are placed on or near objects made of different materials.
  2. Raise and seek answers to questions about what happened to the objects investigated and/or to the magnet.

Topic

D. Wave Interactions

Indicator

  • 2. Observe and describe that sound is produced by vibrating objects.
Objectives
  1. Observe and relate the vibrations of objects that make sounds (drums, guitar strings, and tuning forks) to the sounds felt and heard.
  2. Based on information from observations identify the source of vibrations in familiar objects that produce sounds.

January 2008