School Improvement in Maryland

Using the State Curriculum: Science, Grade 4

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Earth/Space:

Science:

State Curriculum Toolkit

Tools aligned to State Curriculum indicators and/or objectives.

  • Clarification of Indicator and/or Objective
    Explanation and/or examples of indicator and/or objective
  • Introduction for Standard or Indicator
  • Lesson Seeds
    Ideas/seeds for an objective-aligned activity
  • Public Release Items
    Actual MSA items and annotated student responses as appropriate

Standard 2.0 Earth/Space Science

Students will use scientific skills and processes to explain the chemical and physical interactions (i.e., natural forces and cycles, transfer of energy) of the environment, Earth, and the universe that occur over time.

Topic

A. Materials and Processes That Shape A Planet

Indicator

  • 2. Recognize and explain how physical weathering and erosion cause changes to the earth's surface.
Objectives
  1. Investigate and describe how weathering wears down Earth's surface.
    • Water
    • Ice
    • Wind
  2. Cite evidence to show that erosion shapes and reshapes the earth's surface as it moves from one location to another.
    • Water
    • Ice
    • Wind

Topic

B. Earth History

Indicator

  • 2. Recognize and explain that fossils provide evidence about the plants and animals that lived long ago and about the nature of the environment at that time.
Objectives
  1. Recognize and explain that the remains or imprints of plants or animals can become fossils.
  2. Describe the physical structures of an animal or plant based on its fossil remains.
  3. Identify what an animal or plant fossil is able to tell about the environment in which it lived.
    • Water
    • Land

Topic

D. Astronomy

Indicator

  • 1. Identify and describe the variety of objects in the universe through first-hand observations using the unaided eye, binoculars or telescopes or videos and/or pictures from reliable sources.
Objectives
  1. Observe and describe the stars and the planets as seen through a telescope, graphically in pictures or in video clips from reliable sources.
  2. Identify the sun as the Earth's closest star.
  3. Recognize that stars are like the sun, some are smaller and some larger.
  4. Recognize and describe that the stars are not all the same in apparent brightness.
  5. Recognize that the pattern of stars in the sky stays the same although their locations in the sky appear to change with the seasons.

Topic

E. Interactions of Hydrosphere and Atmosphere

Indicator

  • 2. Recognize and describe that each season has different weather conditions
Objectives
  1. Describe different seasonal weather conditions using data collected from weather instruments, models or drawings.
  2. Compare average daily temperatures during different seasons.
  3. Compare average daily wind speed and direction during different seasons.
  4. Compare average daily precipitation during different seasons.
    • Amount
    • Type

Note: Highlighting identifies assessment limits. All highlighted Indicators will be tested on the Grades 5 and 8 MSA. The highlighted Objectives under each highlighted Indicator identify the limit to which MSA items can be written. Although all content standards are tested on MSA, not all Indicators and Objectives are tested. Objectives that are not highlighted will not be tested on MSA, however are an integral part of Instruction.

January 2008