School Improvement in Maryland

Using the State Curriculum: Reading/ELA, Grade 5

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Reading/ELA:

Standard 5.0 Controlling Language

Students will control language by applying the conventions of standard English in speaking and writing.*

Topic

A. Grammar

Indicator

  • 1. Recognize elements of grammar in personal and academic reading

Indicator

  • 2. Recognize, recall, and use basic elements of grammar to express ideas clearly **
Objectives
  1. Recognize the meaning, position, form, and function of words when identifying grammatical concepts such as concrete, collective, and abstract nouns; demonstrative and relative pronouns; subordinating conjunctions
  2. Combine sentences using appositives, participial phrases, adjectives, adverbs, and prepositional phrases
  3. Differentiate between a phrase and a clause and between grammatically complete sentences and non-sentences such as sentence fragments and stringy/rambling sentences
  4. Compose simple, compound, and complex sentences using independent and dependent clauses, transitions, and conjunctions to connect ideas

Topic

B. Usage

Indicator

  • 1. Recognize examples of conventional usage in personal and academic reading

Indicator

  • 2. Comprehend and apply standard English usage in oral and written language **
Objectives
  1. Apply appropriate subject/verb agreement such as in compound subjects and with phrases that interrupt the subject and the verb
  2. Apply consistent and appropriate use of the principal parts of regular and irregular verbs; person, number, and case of pronouns; pronoun/antecedent agreement; and degrees of comparison of modifiers
  3. Recognize and correct common usage errors such as misplaced modifiers and incorrect use of verbs such as lie - lay, rise - raise, sit - set
  4. Use available resources to correct or confirm editorial choices
  5. Explain editorial choices

Topic

C. Mechanics

Indicator

  • 1. Explain and justify the purpose of mechanics to make and clarify meaning in academic and personal reading and writing

Indicator

  • 2. Apply standard English punctuation and capitalization in written language **
Objectives
  1. Use commas correctly in direct address and to separate adjectives and parenthetical expressions such as on the other hand, for example, by the way
  2. Use apostrophes in plural possessives and nouns that end in –s
  3. Use quotation marks and commas in dialogue
  4. Use a colon to introduce a list
  5. Use quotation marks and commas in simple dialogue and for direct quotations

Indicator

  • 3. Explain editorial choices involving mechanics

Topic

D. Spelling

Indicator

  • 1. Recognize conventional spelling in and through personal and academic reading

Indicator

  • 2. Apply conventional spelling in written language
Objectives
  1. Spell grade-appropriate high-frequency and content words
  2. Spell multi-syllabic words with complex spelling patterns
  3. Use suitable traditional and electronic resources as a spelling aid
  4. Use mnemonic devices to recall frequently misspelled words

Indicator

  • 3. Maintain a personal list of words to use in editing original writing

Topic

E. Handwriting

Indicator

  • 1. Produce writing that is legible to the audience
Objectives
  1. Write fluidly and legibly in manuscript and cursive
  2. Use word processing technology when appropriate

*Emphasis is on application of conventions rather than memorization of terms.

**At each grade level, curricular options include more complex examples of previous years' objectives.

Indicators/objectives that include assessment limits are assessed on MSA *New Standards identifies the need for students to process 1 million words per year to maintain academic progress.

11/15/07