School Improvement in Maryland

Using the State Curriculum: Reading/ELA, Grade 5

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Reading/ELA:

State Curriculum Toolkit

Tools aligned to State Curriculum indicators and/or objectives.

  • Clarification of Indicator and/or Objective
    Explanation and/or examples of indicator and/or objective
  • Lesson Seeds
    Ideas/seeds for an objective-aligned activity
  • Sample Assessments
    Items and annotated student responses as appropriate
  • Advanced/G-T
    Ideas for a complex, multi-step instructional task
  • Public Release Items
    Actual MSA items and annotated student responses as appropriate
  • PDF for printing objective based tools

Standard 3.0 Comprehension of Literary Text

Students will read, comprehend, interpret, analyze, and evaluate literary text.

Indicator

  • 1. Develop and apply comprehension skills by reading a variety of self-selected and assigned literary texts including print and non-print
Objectives
  1. Listen to critically, read, and discuss a variety of literary texts representing diverse cultures, perspectives, ethnicities, and time periods
  2. Listen to critically, read, and discuss a variety of literary forms and genres

Indicator

  • 2. Analyze text features to facilitate understanding of literary texts
Objectives
  1. Identify and explain how organizational aids such as the title of the book, story, poem, or play, titles of chapters, subtitles, subheadings contribute to meaning
    Assessment limit: In the text or a portion of the text
  2. Identify and explain how graphic aids such as pictures and illustrations, punctuation, print features contribute to meaning
    Assessment limit: In the text or a portion of the text
  3. Identify and explain how informational aids such as introductions and overviews, materials lists, timelines, captions, glossed words, labels, numbered steps, bulleted lists, footnoted words, pronunciation keys, transition words, end notes, works cited, other information aids encountered in informational texts contribute to meaning
    Assessment limit: In the text or a portion of the text
  4. Identify and explain how print features such as large bold print, font size/type, italics, colored print, quotation marks, underlining, other print features encountered in informational texts contribute to meaning
    Assessment limit: In the text or a portion of the text

Indicator

  • 3. Analyze elements of narrative texts to facilitate understanding and interpretation
Objectives
  1. Identify and distinguish among types of narrative texts such as short stories, folklore, legends, myths, realistic fiction, science fiction, historical fiction, biographies, autobiographies, personal narratives, plays, and poetry
    Assessment limit: Grade-appropriate narrative texts
  2. Identify and explain the events of the plot
    Assessment limit: Main problem, exposition, rising action, climax, and resolution
  3. Identify and describe the setting and the mood and explain how the setting affects the characters and the mood
    Assessment limits:
    • Details that create the setting and/or mood in the text or a portion of the text
    • Connections among the characters, the setting, and the mood in the text or a portion of the text
  4. Analyze characterization
    Assessment limits:
  5. Identify and explain relationships between and among characters, setting, and events
    Assessment limit: In the text or a portion of the text or across multiple texts
  6. Identify and explain how the actions of the character(s) affect the plot
    Assessment limit: In the text or a portion of the text or across multiple texts
  7. Identify and describe the narrator
    Assessment limit: Conclusions about the narrator based on his or her thoughts and/or observations

Indicator

  • 4. Analyze elements of poetry to facilitate understanding and interpretation
Objectives
  1. Use structural features to identify poetry as a literary form and distinguish among types of poems such as haiku, form/shape poetry, etc.
  2. Identify and explain the meaning of words, lines, and stanzas
    Assessment limit: Literal versus figurative meaning
  3. Identify and explain sound elements of poetry
    Assessment limits:
  4. Identify and explain other poetic elements such as setting, mood, tone, etc., that contribute to meaning
    Assessment limit: Elements of grade-appropriate lyric and narrative poems that contribute to meaning

Indicator

Objectives
  1. Use structural features to identify a play as a literary form and distinguish among types of plays
  2. Identify and explain the action of a scene
    Assessment limit: Literal versus interpretive meaning
  3. Identify and explain how stage directions create character and movement
  4. Identify and explain stage directions and dialogue that help to create character
    Assessment limit: In the text or a portion of the text

Indicator

  • 6. Determine important ideas and messages in literary texts
Objectives
  1. Identify and explain main ideas and universal themes
    Assessment limits:
    • Main ideas of the text or a portion of the text
    • Message, moral, or lesson learned from the text
  2. Identify and explain similar themes across multiple texts
    Assessment limit: Messages, morals, or lessons learned across texts
  3. Paraphrase
    Assessment limit: The text or a portion of the text
  4. Summarize
    Assessment limit: The text or a portion of the text
  5. Identify and explain personal connections to the text
    Assessment limit: Connections between personal experiences and the theme or main ideas
  6. Explain the implications of the text for the reader and/or society
    Assessment limit: Ideas and issues of a text that may have implications for the reader

Indicator

  • 7. Identify and describe the author's use of language
Objectives
  1. Identify and explain how the use of dialogue contributes to a story
  2. Identify and explain specific words and phrases that contribute to meaning
    Assessment limits:
    • Significant words and phrases with a specific effect on meaning
    • Denotations of above-grade-level words used in context
    • Connotations of grade-appropriate words and phrases in context
  3. Identify and explain words and phrases that create tone
    Assessment limit: In the text or a portion of the text
  4. Identify and explain figurative language that contributes to meaning
    Assessment limit: In the text or a portion of the text
  5. Identify and explain language that appeals to the senses and feelings
    Assessment limit: Specific words and phrases in the text or a portion of the text
  6. Identify and explain how repetition and exaggeration contribute to meaning
    Assessment limit: In the text or a portion of the text

Indicator

  • 8. Read critically to evaluate literary texts
Objectives
  1. Determine and explain the plausibility of the characters' actions and the plot
    Assessment limit: In the text or a portion of the text
  2. Identify and explain questions left unanswered by the text
    Assessment limit: Questions and predictions about events, situations, and conflicts that might occur if the text were extended
  3. Identify and explain the relationship between a literary text and its historical context
  4. Identify and explain the relationship between the structure and the purpose of the text

Indicators/objectives that include assessment limits are assessed on MSA *New Standards identifies the need for students to process 1 million words per year to maintain academic progress.

11/15/07