School Improvement in Maryland
Biology-Instructional Strategies
Leesson Components Suggested  Activities
I. Engagement:
The activities in this section capture the students’s attention, stimulate their thinking, and help them access prior knowledge.
  • Demonstration
       - teacher and/or student
  • Reading from a
       - current media release
       - science journal or book
       - piece of literature (biography, essay, poem
  • Free write
  • Analyzing a graphic organizer
  • II. Exploration:
    In this section, students are given time to think, plan, investigate, and organize collected information.
  • Reading authentic resources to collect information
       - for answer to an open-ended question
       - to make a decision
  • Solve a problem
  • Construct a model
  • Investigation
       - design and/or perform
  • III. Explanation:
    Students are now involved in an analysis of their exploration. Their understanding is clarified and modified because of reflective activities.
  • Student analysis and explanation
  • Supporting ideas with evidence
  • Structured questioning
  • Reading and discussion
  • Teacher explanation
  • Thinking skills activities
       - comparing, classifying, abstraction, error
  • IV. Extension:
    This section gives students the opportunity to expand and solidify their understanding of the concept and/or apply it to a real world situation.
  • Problem solving
  • Decision-making
  • Experimental Inquiry
  • Thinking Skill activities
       - comparing, classifying, abstraction, error
  • V. Evaluation:
    Evaluation occurs throughout the lesson. Scoring tools developed by teachers and students target what students must know and do. Consistent use of scoring tools improves learning.
  • Any of the above
  • Development and implementation of scoring
       tool to measure student performance during
       activity. Involvement of students will:
       - help students understand the
         teacher’s expectation
       - allow students to set high standards for