School Improvement in Maryland

Using the State Curriculum: Health, Grade 8

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Family Life and Human Sexuality:

Health:

Standard 4.0 Family Life and Human Sexuality

Students will demonstrate the ability to use human development knowledge, social skills, and health enhancing strategies to promote positive relationships and health growth and development throughout the life cycle.

Topic

A. Family Unit

Indicator

  • 1. Analyze how family members influence the development of adolescents.
Objective
  1. Investigate factors that influence stereotyping and generalizations about gender.

Topic

C. Puberty and Reproduction

Indicator

Objectives
  1. Chart the menstrual cycle.
  2. Explain the stages of the menstrual cycle and its connection to a woman’s overall health.

Topic

D. Healthy Relationships

Indicator

  • 1. Evaluate the components of a healthy relationship.
Objectives
  1. Justify the components of a healthy relationship, including respect for self and others, effective communication, honesty, support, empathy, and ability to resolve conflicts in rational, peaceful way.
  2. Prioritize and demonstrate the components of a healthy relationship in a variety of situations.

Topic

Indicator

  • 1. Investigate factors that influence an individual’s decision concerning sexual behavior.
Objectives
  1. Validate the reasons why abstinence from sexual activity is a healthy, safe, and responsible decision for adolescents.
  2. Develop ways to maintain abstinence in a relationship.
  3. Model skills to resist peer pressure to have sexual intercourse.
  4. Examine reasons why people have sexual intercourse, such as desire to have someone to love, alcohol/drug influence, partner pressure, media influence, curiosity, and to gain social status.

Topic

F. Fetal Development

Indicator

  • 1. Explain the gestation process of fetal development and maternal changes.
Objectives
  1. Describe the fertilization process.
  2. Illustrate the stages of gestation.
  3. Summarize the birth process.

Topic

G. Teen Pregnancy

Indicator

Objectives
  1. Assess the impact of unplanned pregnancy on the teen, the child and the family.
  2. List reasons why people get pregnant such as by accident, not using contraception, to keep a partner, to have a child to love, not being abstinent.
  3. Evaluate the impact of teen pregnancy on society, including schools, justice system, social service organizations, and welfare system.

Topic

H. Responsibilities of Parenthood

Indicator

  • 1. Recognize parental qualities and resources necessary for promoting child/adolescent health.
Objectives
  1. Describe qualities and characteristics of effective parenting.
  2. Identify resources a person should possess before considering parenthood.

Indicator

  • 2. Investigate the responsibilities of parenting.
Objectives
  1. Assess the costs associated with raising a child.
  2. Evaluate the impact of parenting on time management.
  3. Demonstrate effective parenting skills.

Topic

Indicator

Objectives
  1. Explain how each method of contraception works to prevent pregnancy, including effectiveness.
  2. Explain how each method of contraception is used.
  3. List the advantages and disadvantages of each method of contraception.
  4. Identify where each method of contraception can be obtained.